Geography: 2018: CBSE: [All India]: Set – III
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Evaluate the importance of ‘quaternary activities’.Marks:1
i. Quaternary activities are advance and specialized economic activities.
ii. These services concern mainly with information processing, research and development.
iii. These services offer high income and are mainly concentrated in developed countries and growing fast.
Mention any two factors responsible for the establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai.Marks:1
Factors responsible for establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai:
i. Close proximity to the cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
ii. Humid climate
State any two advantages of air transport in the International trade.Marks:1
Two advantages of air transport in the international trade:
i. Valuable cargo can be moved rapidly on a world-wide scale.
ii. Highly suitable for handling perishable goods over long distances.
Why is India a popular tourist destination in the world?Marks:1
India is a popular tourist destination because of the following reasons
i. Favorable climatic conditions
ii. Heritage homes
iv. Scenic landscapes
v. National parks
vi. Medical services, etc.
Differentiate between growth and development.Marks:1
Growth is quantitative and value neutral.
Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive.
This means that the change may be either positive or negative.
Development occurs when positive growth take place. It occurs when there is a positive change in quality.
It may have positive or negative sign.
Development will always be positive.
Examine the concept of ‘regional planning’.Marks:1
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area than an individual city or town.
State the major problem being faced by Kolkata sea-port.Marks:1
Kolkata port is confronted with the problem of silt accumulation in the Hugli River, which provides a link to the Bay of Bengal.
Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow :
(i) which class of towns/cities support the largest urban population?
(ii) Explain any two reasons for such a high concentration of population in this class of towns/cities.
Note: The following question is for the Visually Impaired Candidates only, in lieu of the above question:
Explain any three features of urban settlements in India.Marks:3
i. Class – I towns / cities
ii. two reasons for such a high concentration of population are following:
a. Urban areas are characterized by sophisticated technology better infrastructure, communication, medical facilities, etc. People feel that they can lead a comfortable life in cities and migrate to cities.
b. Opportunities for education at universities and technical colleges draw young people to the urban centers.
Note:For Visually Impaired Candidates
Three features of urban settlements in India are:
i. The size of an urban settlement is much larger than that of a rural settlement.
ii. Density of population in urban areas is greater than in rural settlements.
iii. In the urban areas, the major occupations are industrial, administrative and professional in nature. Divisions of labour and occupational specialization are very much common in towns/cities/metropolises.
‘‘Indiscriminate use of water by increasing population and industrial expansion has led to degradation of the quality of water considerably.’’ Evaluate the statement.Marks:3
Increasing population and industrial expansion are responsible forwater pollution:
i. An estimated 75% to 80% of water pollution is from domestic sewage, discharged untreated into local water bodies.
ii. Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in farming results in waterpollution.
iii. Major polluting industries are-leather, pulp, paper, textiles, chemicals, etc.
Differentiate between small scale manufacturing and large scale manufacturing.Marks:3
Small scale manufacturing
Industries use local raw material.
Industries use variety of raw materials brought from far and near.
Use simple power driven machines.
Use advanced technology andwork on assembly line production.
Industries use skilled and semi-skilled labour.
Industries use skilled labour.