POLITICAL SCIENCE-2015-CBSE[Delhi]-Set –I
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Why was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation also called Western Alliance?Marks:1
Most countries of Western Europe sided with the US which got formalised into an organisation - the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Hence it was also called Western Alliance.
What is meant by Hegemony?Marks:1
Hegemony means becoming powerful or doing something for power. It is the form of military domination, economic power, political clout and cultural superiority.
Which major factor was responsible for the dramatic victory of Indira Gandhi in 1971 elections?Marks:1
i) The positive slogan of ‘Garibi Hatao’ (remove poverty)
ii) Indira Gandhi focused on growth of public sector
iii) Abolition of princely privileges
Name the three social and political regions of the Northern most State of India.Marks:1
The three social and political regions of the Northern most State of India are Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.
Why were the seven small states created in North-East India?Marks:1
i) They were created for economic development of the region.
ii) Due to socio-cultural issues.
iii) Due to popular demand of the people.
What is meant by the Cuban Missile Crisis?Marks:2
The leaders of the USSR were apprehensive that the USA would attack Communist ruled Cuba and overthrow Fidel Castro. Hence, the Soviet Union placed nuclear missiles in Cuba to face any eventuality caused by a possible attack by USA. This led to a situation which is known as Cuban Missile Crisis.
Suggest any two steps to be taken by the government to check pollution and save environment.Marks:2
Suggestions to check pollution and save environment are:-
i) More plantation and use of renewable energy
ii) Auto fuel policy and ban on polluting vehicles
iii) To frame policies to reduce pollution created by industries.
“Welfare State is getting replaced by market.” Analyse the reason for this change.Marks:2
Welfare state is being replaced by increasing trend of globalisation.
i) Globalisation results in erosion of state capacity.
ii) Concept of state sovereignty is getting affected.
iii) It withdraws many welfare functions from the government
How did the Sino-Indian conflict affect the opposition also?Marks:2
The Sino-Indian conflict created irreconcilable differences within the Communist Party of India which was in opposition. It got divided into Communist Party of India (Marxist) which was Pro-China and CPI which was Pro-Russia.
How did the dominance of Congress Party in the first three general elections help in establishing a democratic set-up in India?Marks:2
i) Dominance of Congress Party in India was different from the dominance of one party in countries like Cuba, China and Mexico.
ii) Even being a dominant party, free, fair and regular elections were held and voice of the opposition was heard with respect.
iii) Even in the first general elections there was government of CPI in Kerala which was not destabilized by the Congress Party in power at the Centre.
iv) Multi-party system was established as many new political parties emerged.
v) Congress worked as social and ideological coalition that is also known as a rainbow like coalition representing India’s diversity which helped in establishing democratic set-up.