POLITICAL SCIENCE-2015-CBSE(Outside Delhi) Set-I
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How did the U.S. respond to the 9/11 attacks?Marks:1
The U.S. launched ‘Operation Enduring Freedom’ against all those suspected to be behind the attack of 9/11, particularly Al-Qaeda and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
Highlight any one major distinction between the Soviet economy and the Capitalist economy.Marks:1
The Soviet economy was planned and controlled by the state only whereas the capitalist economy was enjoyed by the people or group of people as well as by the state.
How far do you agree that the proclamation of emergency weakened the federal distribution of power in India?Marks:1
During the emergency, distribution of powers was suspended. All the powers came into the hands of the central government because of the Presidential Rule.
Justify that “Regionalism is not as dangerous as Communalism”.Marks:1
Under Regionalism, the set of demands raised by the people are for the development of that particular region within the country which is the key feature of democracy, whereas communalism represents the demands of a particular religious community for a separate independent region to rule over or for their own vested interests.
Why do some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked?Marks:1
Some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked because they believe that the special status of the state conferred by this Article does not allow full integration of the state within India.
Mention any two benefits of globalization.Marks:2
Two benefits of Globalisation are:
(i) There is increase in the volume of trade in goods and services.
(ii) Improved production efficiency and healthy competition.
Suggest any two measures to have good relations with Pakistan.Marks:2
Two suggested measures to have good relations with Pakistan are: -
(i) Cultural exchanges by prominent personalities.
(ii) Economic cooperation should be encouraged by both the countries.
Which characteristics made the Congress an ideological coalition during the freedom movement of India?Marks:2
Congress as an ideological Coalition Factors:-
(i) Different groups merged their identity within the Congress. Very often they continued to exist within the Congress as groups and individuals holding different beliefs.
(ii) It accommodated the revolutionary and pacifist, conservative and radical, extremists and moderates as well as the right, left and all shades of the centre. It was a platform for numerous groups.
Identify the most important outcome of the Rio Summit.Marks:2
Some most important outcomes of Rio Summit are:
(i) The Rio Summit produced conventions dealing with climate change, biodiversity, forestry etc.
(ii) It recommended a list of developmental practices called ‘Agenda 21.’
How was the U.S. benefited by the Soviet disintegration?Marks:2
With the disintegration of Soviet Union:
(i) Cold War ended and the US became the sole super power.
(ii) The capitalist economy became the dominant economic system internationally.