POLITICAL-SCIENCE-2015-CBSE[Outside Delhi]-Set –II
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Highlight any one consequence of ‘Shock Therapy.’Marks:1
In Russia, the large state-controlled industrial complex almost collapsed, as about 90 per cent of its industries were put up for sale to private individuals and companies at throw-away prices called as “the largest garage sale in history”. The value of ruble declined dramatically and the inflation rate was so high that people lost their savings.
Explain hegemony as a soft power.Marks:1
Hegemony as a soft power implies class ascendency in the social, political and particularly ideological spheres. It arises when the dominant class or a country can win the consent of the dominated classes by persuading them to view the world in a favourable manner.
Why do some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked?Marks:1
Some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked because they believe that the special status of the state conferred by this Article does not allow full integration of the state within India.
How far do you agree that the proclamation of emergency weakened the federal distribution of power in India?Marks:1
During the emergency, distribution of powers was suspended. All the powers came into the hands of the central government because of the Presidential Rule.
Justify that “Regionalism is not as dangerous as Communalism”.Marks:1
Under Regionalism, the set of demands raised by the people are for the development of that particular region within the country which is the key feature of democracy, whereas communalism represents the demands of a particular religious community for a separate independent region to rule over or for their own vested interests.
Identify the most important outcome of the Rio Summit.Marks:2
Some most important outcomes of Rio Summit are:
(i) The Rio Summit produced conventions dealing with climate change, biodiversity, forestry etc.
(ii) It recommended a list of developmental practices called ‘Agenda 21.’
How was the U.S. benefited by the Soviet disintegration?Marks:2
With the disintegration of Soviet Union:
(i) Cold War ended and the US became the sole super power.
(ii) The capitalist economy became the dominant economic system internationally.
Mention any two benefits of globalization.Marks:2
Two benefits of Globalisation are:
(i) There is increase in the volume of trade in goods and services.
(ii) Improved production efficiency and healthy competition.
Which characteristics made the Congress an ideological coalition during the freedom movement of India?Marks:2
Congress as an ideological Coalition Factors:-
(i) Different groups merged their identity within the Congress. Very often they continued to exist within the Congress as groups and individuals holding different beliefs.
(ii) It accommodated the revolutionary and pacifist, conservative and radical, extremists and moderates as well as the right, left and all shades of the centre. It was a platform for numerous groups.
Suggest any two measures to have good relations with Pakistan.Marks:2
Two suggested measures to have good relations with Pakistan are: -
(i) Cultural exchanges by prominent personalities.
(ii) Economic cooperation should be encouraged by both the countries.