Red Cross and WHO

The development of a country is measured not only by wealth, but also by the health of its people.

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The health problems in India are generalized as: Diseases, Inadequate health facilities and Professional hazards.

Diseases like typhoid, dysentery, diarrhoea etc., are water borne diseases whereas Tuberculosis, Whooping Cough, Pneumonia, etc., are air borne diseases.

Health organisations are the bodies that take responsibility to cope up with health problems like diseases spread, inadequate medical facilities and professional hazards.

They work at various levels which include local bodies, national organisations and international organisations. Local bodies operate various functions like sanitation, vaccination and keeping statistical records.

National and international bodies work at higher levels to eradicate specifically targeted widespread diseases, spread awareness among people and also conduct research and surveys.

First aid is a preliminary treatment given to a patient in certain emergency cases like accidents.

There are various situations that require an immediate first aid to avoid any medical complications.

These situations include bleeding due to cuts, scratch or other injuries, bone fracture, contact of unknown foreign material with eyes, unconsciousness, heart attack, burning, poisoning, snake or insect bite, drowning and electrical shocks.

In case of deep cuts and bleeding, bandage should be tied to prevent excess blood loss.

In case of faintness or eye injury, sprinkling water of eyes can make the condition better.

In case of first or second degree burn, pour some cool water over the burnt area, whereas if it is of third degree, cover it with a clean cloth.

In case of animal bite, squeeze out some blood from the bitten area to remove poison and then wash it.

In case of drowning, it is required to provide artificial breathing.

In case of fracture, tie bandage and allow less movement of fractured part.

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  • Q1

    Name the disease vector for malaria.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The disease vector for malaria is mosquito.

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  • Q2

    When was Red Cross agency founded?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The Red Cross agency was founded in 1864.

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  • Q3

    Where is the headquarters of WHO located?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The headquarters of WHO is located in Geneva and Switzerland.

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  • Q4

    Name the two local bodies that look after the health and sanitation of people.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The municipal corporation and town area committees are the two local bodies that look after the health and sanitation of people.

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  • Q5

    What is health?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Health is the state of proper functioning of the body and mind without any disease.

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