Organic Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry which deals with compounds of carbon. In the early 19th century, a Swedish chemist Jacob Berzelius proposed the ‘Vital Force Theory’. According to this theory the organic compounds can only be isolated from the living beings and cannot be synthesise .... Read More

Homologous Series and Functional Groups

A homologous series is a group of organic compounds that are arranged in order of increasing molecular weights, such that they differ from each other by a –CH2 (methylene) group. Each member of a homologous series is called a homologue. All the compounds in this series have similar chemical proper .... Read More

Nomenclature and Isomerism

Nomenclature implies assigning proper name to a particular compound on the basis of certain standard rules to make their study systematic. The two basic systems employed for naming of the organic compounds are the trivial system and the IUPAC system. IUPAC refers to the International Union of Pure .... Read More


Alkanes are the saturated hydrocarbons having general formula CnH2n+2. Alkanes are also called as paraffins because of their inertness towards most reagents. The IUPAC names of alkanes end with suffix ‘ane’. The first part that is prefix of the name indicates the number of carbon atoms present i .... Read More


Alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons with at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Their general formula is CnH2n. They are also called as olefins. The first stable member of alkene series is ethene, which is commonly known as ethylene. Ethene can be prepared in the laboratory by dehydration of ethy .... Read More


Alkynes are unsaturated hydrocarbons with at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. They form homologous series with general formula CnH2n–2. The first stable member of alkyne series is ethyne. It is commonly known as acetylene. The presence of triple bond makes alkynes more reactive than alkanes a .... Read More


Alcohols are the organic compounds containing the –OH group. They are regarded as derivatives of alkanes. The names of alcohols are obtained by replacing the ‘e’ of the alkene with ‘ol’. Ethyl alcohol or Ethanol is the most important of all the alcohols. It is a second member of aliphati .... Read More

Carboxylic Acids

The organic compounds containing carboxylic group (–COOH) are called carboxylic acid. Common names of carboxylic acids were derived from the name of the source from which they were first extracted or obtained. IUPAC names of carboxylic acids are obtained by replacing terminal ‘e’ from the .... Read More

To Access the full content, Please Purchase