Hacking & Piracy
The two major threats to security of software and information resources are hacking and piracy. Where hacking refers to attempts to gain information from otherwise undisclosed areas, piracy refers to unauthorized duplication of computer software. Hacking is the practice of modifying the features of a system, in order to accomplish a goal outside of the creator's original purpose. A hacker is any person engaged in hacking. Computer hacking is exploring the details of programmable systems and stretching the capabilities of computer systems as opposed to most users, who prefer to learn only the minimum necessary. A hacker, also known as a white hat hacker or an ethical hacker is a person who uses his creativity and knowledge in a constructive manner to secure systems and never damages the data. Black hat hackers violate computer security for personal gain such as stealing credit card numbers or harvesting personal data for sale to identity thieves or for pure maliciousness. Crackers are people who try to gain unauthorized access to computers. A lot of crackers also try to gain access to resources through the use of password cracking software, which tries billions of passwords to find the correct one for accessing a computer.
Software Counterfeiting involves the illegal duplication and sale of copyrighted material with the intent of directly imitating the copyrighted product. Softlifting occurs when a person or an organization purchases a single licensed copy of a software program and installs it onto several computers, in violation of the terms of the license agreement. Renting involves someone renting out a copy of software for temporary use, without the permission of the copy right holder.