Employment: Trends and Structure

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  • Q1

    When a person is able to earn his livelihood either through self-employment or by working as wage employee and is earning according to his or her abilities, the person is called _________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    employed

    Explanation:

    When a person is able to earn his livelihood either through self-employment or by working as wage employee and is earning according to his or her abilities, the person is called employed.

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  • Q2

    Over the years, the sector which has emerged as the main source of employment in urban areas is ____.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    tertiary sector

    Explanation:

    Rural areas’ workers are mostly employed in primary sector and in urban areas workers are employed in secondary sector. Over the years, the tertiary sector has emerged as the main source of employment in urban areas.

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  • Q3

    Public sector and private sector establishments employing 10 hired workers or more are known as ___________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    organized sector

    Explanation:

    Public sector and private sector establishments employing 10 hired workers or more are known as organized sector. Workers of this sector enjoy social security benefits.

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  • Q4

    In India the majority of the working population is dependent on _________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    primary sector

    Explanation:

    In 2011-12, the share of total employment in economic sectors was 48.9%.

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  • Q5

    Sectoral distribution of employment refers to the proportion of total population employed in different sector in a country. In India employment has been distributed in three sectors except _______________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Territory sector

    Explanation:

    In India employment has been distributed in three sectors i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary sector.

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