Education

Introduction


Education is a process of teaching, training and learning, especially in schools and colleges in order to improve the knowledge and to develop skills. It is the crucial investment in human beings.

There is a difference between literacy and education. Literacy gives the ability to read and write a simple statement whereas education gives the ability to understand what the written statement is trying to convey.

Education is important because it expands the mental horizon of the people, it develops science and technology, it increases the efficiency of labour, etc.

It is Government’s responsibility to facilitate the provision of education. Government’s expenditure on education is expressed in two ways.

    As a percentage of total government expenditure

    As a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP)

The educational achievements in India are indicated in terms of adult literacy level, primary education completion rate and youth literacy rate.


The growth of education sector in India is measured by the growth in the following:

    Primary education

    Secondary education

    Higher education

    Technical, medical and agricultural education and

    Development of research facilities

Despite the growth of the education sector, there are various challenging propositions that hinder the performance of this sector. The major concerned areas of education sector in India are:

    Existing gender bias

    Low access level in rural areas

    Privatization

    Low government expenditure on education, etc.

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  • Q1

    Consider the following statements and identify the Wrong one.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Informal Education is a general term which includes limited forms of education.

    Explanation:

    Informal Education is a general term which includes all forms of education that takes place outside the standard institutional (like schools) setting. It is usually gained through experience in social environment and surroundings.

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  • Q2

    In the constitution of India education is placed under the ___________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Concurrent Subject

    Explanation:

    In the constitution of India education is placed under the concurrent subject i.e., means responsibility of both the central and state governments. Central government formulates the policies of education boards and state government’s works for the expansion of education.

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  • Q3

    __________ is a system of organised education which is imparted according to a given set of laws and norms.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Formal Education

    Explanation:

    Formal Education is a system of organised education which is imparted according to a given curriculum and a given set of laws and norms. It involves interaction of students with teachers in the educational institutions.

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  • Q4

    Learning in human life can be acquired by _______.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All of them

    Explanation:

    Learning in education can be acquired in three different ways, namely:
    (i) Formal Education
    (ii) Non-Formal Education
    (iii) Informal Education

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  • Q5

    ____________ is the crucial investment in human beings.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Education

    Explanation:

    Education is the crucial investment in human beings. It is the process of teaching, training and learning, especially in schools and colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills.

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