Health

Introduction


Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of the living being. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. After education, it is the second important component of human capital formation.

The important indicators of health status are:

    Life expectancy

    Infant mortality rate

    Maternal mortality rate and

    Total fertility rate

Health is an important aspect in the process of economic growth and development. Health is both an end and means of development strategy. A healthy labour force is more productive than an unhealthy labour force. Health care leads to the improvement in the standard of living of the people. These areas show the importance of heath in facilitating economic growth.


The Government of India has prepared many programmes, for improving the health status of our country by controlling epidemics, raising the quality of medical facilities and developing health centres in rural areas. The 11th Five Year Plan introduced National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).

Health sector in India comprises both the private sector and the public sector. In recent times, both the sectors have shown progress.

However, there are various shortcomings of health sector in India. They are:

    The number of doctors, nurses and beds in hospital are much less in India as compared to the advanced countries.

    The total expenditure incurred by the government to provide the health facilities is not enough to meet the growing needs of the people, etc.


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  • Q1

    Consider the following statements and identify the Wrong one.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The number of doctors, nurses and hospital beds per thousand of population is high in India as compared to advanced countries.

    Explanation:

    The number of doctors, nurses and hospital beds per thousand of population is much less in India as compared to advanced countries. There are 76 doctors per one lakh people and 9.5 hospital beds per one lakh population in 2011.

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  • Q2

    In India life expectancy rate has increased from ________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    32 years to 68 years

    Explanation:

    In India Life expectancy rate has increased from 32 years to 68 years. This is made possible because of expansion in health and medical facilities and spread of education among people of India

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  • Q3

    It is estimated that around _________ of all hospitals and ________ of total hospital beds in the country are in private sector.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    70%, 37%

    Explanation:

    It is estimated that around 70% of all hospitals and 37% of total hospital beds in the country are in private sector. Private sector plays a dominant role in providing health services in India.

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  • Q4

    India has developed a well-structured ___________ public health infrastructure.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Three Tier

    Explanation:

    India has developed a well-structured Three Tier public health infrastructure comprising across rural and semi-urban areas. These are;
    (i) Community Health Centres (CHCs)
    (ii) Primary Health centres (PHCs)
    (iii) sub-centres

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  • Q5

    The health system in India comes under __________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Both (a) and (b)

    Explanation:

    The health system in India is a mix of the public and private sectors. The development of health sector is one of prime concern in the development strategy.

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