Sustainable Development

Introduction

Sustainable Development refers to development meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development requires that:

    Renewable natural resources are used in such a manner that does not degrade the usefulness for future generations.

    Non-renewable resources are used in such a way that does not unnecessarily reduce their availability and accessibility for future generations.

Sustainability is the capacity to endure and this is a basic birth right for every living being. Stock of natural resources and quality of environment are common heritage of all generations. Hence, there is a need for sustainable development.

Sustainable economic development refers to:

    Sustainability interfaces with economic development through the social and ecological consequences of economic activity.

    Social, cultural, health-related and monetary/financial aspects of life have to be integrated into sustainability.

    The economic importance of nature is indicated by the use of ecosystem services for highlighting the market relevance.

The effect of economic development on environment is its irreplaceable deterioration.

Environmental degradation can be of different types, like water pollution, air pollution, loss of biodiversity, etc.

The factors responsible for depletion of resources and environmental degradation are:

industrialisation, urbanisation, etc.

Sustainable development can be achieved by controlling population, pollution, reducing the depletion rate etc.

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  • Q1

    What do you mean by sustainability?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Sustainability is the long term maintenance of responsibility which has environmental, economic and social dimensions and encompasses the concept of resource use.

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  • Q2

    Define Biodiversity.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Biodiversity means the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between species and within and between ecosystems.

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  • Q3

    Define Natural Capital Stock.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Stock of natural resources and environment like air, water, soil, mineral resource, oil etc. is called Natural Capital Stock.

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  • Q4

    Mention one example of Human Capital Stock.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Skill is an example of human capital stock.

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  • Q5

    Define Sustainable Development.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs is called Sustainable Development.

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