The Tempest: Act IV, Scene i - Part 1

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  • Q1

    Iris

    Of her society

    Be not afraid: I met her diety

    Cutting the clouds towards Paphos, and her son

    Dove-drawn with her. Here thought they to have done

    Some wanton charm upon this man and maid,

    Whose vows are, that no bed-right shall be paid

    Ere Hymen’s torch be lighted; but vain;

    Mars’s hot minion is returned again;

    Her waspish-headed son has broke his arrows,

    Swears he will shoot no more, but play with sparrows

    And be a boy right out.

    (i)What was the reason behind Ceres avoiding the company of Venus or her son?

    (ii)What was the plan of Venus and her son, cupid against the young couple?

    (iii)Who is Hymen? Why is he referred to in the extract? Who are Mars and Mars’ minion?

    (iv)Give the meaning of

    (a)…. Here thought they to have done

    Some wanton charm upon this man and maid,

    (b)Her waspish-headed son has broke his arrows,

    Swears he will shoot no more, but play with sparrows

    And be a boy right out.

    (v)How does Ceres know that Juno is coming on the scene?

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (i) Pluto, the god of death abducted Proserpina, Ceres’ daughter from the earth to his own kingdom. Venus and her son Cupid helped Pluto in executing this plot. Since then, Ceres’ had been harbouring a strong grievance against both Venus and Cupid.

    (ii)Venus being the goddess of love and beauty and Cupid her son being the god of love are always busy making people fall in love. They had planned some magic spell to lure Ferdinand and Miranda. But did not succeed.

    (iii)Hymen is the Greek god of marriage. He was usually represented as carrying a torch and a veil to guide the newlywed couple. Mars is the god of war. Mars’s minion is referred to Venus, the passionate darling.

    (iv)(a) Iris consoles Ceres that Venus, the goddess of love and beauty and her son Cupid is the god of love. They are always busy making people fall in love. They had plans of some magic spell to lure Ferdinand and Miranda.

    (b)Cupid is regarded as irritable. He is waspish- headed because he stings by hitting people with his arrows which make them fall in love. As their plan failed Cupid broke all his arrows and sworn that he would never shoot them again. He would only play with birds like the other boys of his age.

    (v) Juno is the wife of Jupiter, the chief god in Roman mythology. When Ceres heard the footsteps of the stateliest queen, Juno, she knew that she was coming. She was aware of Juno’s manner of walking.

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  • Q2

    JUNO

    (sings)

     Honor, riches, marriage, blessing,

     Long continuance, and increasing,

     Hourly joys be still upon you.

     Juno sings her blessings on you.

    CERES

    (sings)

    Earth’s increase, foison plenty,

    Barns and garners never empty,

    Vines and clustering bunches growing,

    Plants with goodly burden bowing—

    Spring come to you at the farthest

    In the very end of harvest.

    Scarcity and want shall shun you.

    Ceres' blessing so is on you.

    FERDINAND

    This is a most majestic vision, and

    Harmonious charmingly. May I be bold

    To think these spirits?

    (i)Who is Juno? Who has invited her to come on the scene? Why?

    (ii)How does Juno bless the young couple?

    (iii)Explain the song sung by Ceres about the bounty of nature.

    (iv)Give the meaning of :

    1. Long continuance, and increasing,

    Hourly joys be still upon you. 

    1. Earth’s increase, foison plenty,

    Barns and garners never empty,

    (v)Who arranged the majestic vision? Why was it arranged?

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (i)Juno is the Queen of Heaven and the wife of Jupiter. Jupiter is the chief god in Roman mythology. She is one of the spirits of Prospero. She is invited by Iris, her messenger to bless the young couple, Ferdinand and Miranda.

    (ii)Juno blesses the young couple by singing that, may honor, riches, marriage blessings, long life, and unending joys come to both of them.

    (iii)Ceres blesses Ferdinand and Miranda by wishing them to have plenty of produce, well-shocked barns and their storehouses never go empty, the vineyards are full of clustered grapes, the fruits laden heavily with fruits. May there be no hardships of winter so that spring continues till the harvest season. May scarcity and want never approach them as their stores always be full.

    (iv)(a) While blessing the young couple, Juno sings and wishes them with longevity and unending joy in their life.

    (b) Ceres blesses the young couple, saying that may they get the earth’s produce, well- stocked barns and the storehouses are never empty.

    (v)The majestic vision was arranged through a masque performed by the spirits of Prospero. As Ferdinand had passed the test and proved his loyalty, Prospero wished to show the couple an illusion created by his magic art and entertain both Ferdinand and Miranda.

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  • Q3

    Iris

    Ceres, most bounteous lady, thy rich leas

    Of wheat, rye, barley, vetches, oats and pease;

    Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep,

    And flat meads thatch’d with stover, them to keep;

    Thy banks with pioned and twilled brims,

    Which spongy April at thy hest betrims

    To make cold nymphs chaste crowns; and thy broom- groves,

    Whose shadow the dismissed bachelor loves,

    Being lass-lorn: thy pole-clipt vineyard;

    And thy sea-marge, sterile and rocky-hard,

    Where thou thyself dost air; — the queen o’ the sky,

    Whose watery arch and messenger am I,

    Bids thee leave these, and with her sovereign grace,

    Here on this grass plot, in this very place,

    To come and sport: her peacocks fly amain:

    Approach, rich Ceres, her to entertain.

    (i)Who is Iris? Why does she appear in the scene? Whom does she invoke?

    (ii)How does Iris describe the fields, mountains and riverbanks?

    (iii)Who is Juno? Who is her messenger? What does the messenger tell Ceres on behalf of Juno?

    (iv)Give the meaning of:

    (a)Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep,

    And flat meads thatch’d with stover, them to keep;

    (b)…..and with her sovereign grace,

    Here on this grass plot, in this very place,

    To come and sport:

    (v)Describe how attractive is nature under Ceres’ care.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (i) Iris is the rainbow coloured messenger of Juno, the goddess of the heaven. She is also one of Prospero’s spirits. She represents the goddess of the rainbow in the masque which is arranged to entertain the young lovers, Ferdinand and Miranda. She acts as the mistress of ceremonies for the performance. She invokes Ceres, the goddess of agriculture, harvest and fertility, later she invokes the nymphs and the reapers.

    (ii) While invoking Ceres, the goddess of agriculture, harvest and fertility, Iris praises her by saying that she is the goddess who presides over rich fields of wheat, rye, barley, vetches, oats and peas, the turfy mountains where the sheep nibble and the flat meadows covered with hay to keep the sheep, river banks over grown with marsh-marigold and reeds.

    (iii) Juno is the Queen of Heaven and the wife of Jupiter. She is one of the spirits of Prospero. In the form of a goddess she descends swiftly on her peacock’s to perform the masque. Iris is her messenger. Iris invokes Ceres to appear in front of Ferdinand and Miranda as she is required to sport with Queen Juno.

    (iv) (a) Iris invokes Ceres by praising that she presides over the turf-covered mountains where the nibbling sheep live and the flat meadows which are covered with fodder for sheep.

    (b) Iris being the messenger of Juno, the goddess of heaven asks Ceres to leave her dwelling place and arrive at that grassy place to sport with Juno and entertain her.

    (v) Ceres being the goddess of the earth presides over the rich fields of wheat, rye, barley, vetches, oats and peas. The green mountains are the dwelling places of the sheep. The river banks are overgrown with marsh-marigold and reeds which are decked up at her command by April. They serve as a crown worn by the passionless and pure deities who dwell in rivers and streams.

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