The Civil Disobedience Movement

  • Simon Commission was boycotted by all parties.
  • Nehru Report did not have consensus of the all.
  • Lord Irwin did not give an assurance of dominion status.
  • Mahatma Gandhi regarded the salt tax as a true index of inhuman oppression, started Dandi march, saw mass mobilization in Gujarat, Bengal, in North-West Frontier Province by Abdul Gaffar Khan and in North-East by Rani Gaidilieu.
  • The First Round Table Conference was started by King George V, later Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed.
  • Features of the Pact, the Congress agreed to participate in the Second Round Table Conference.
  • Provisions for the Government were to withdraw ordinances promulgated during the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • The Viceroy was forced to treat Indian leaders on an equal level as a result of the Pact.
  • Ramsay MacDonald announced his ‘Communal Award’.
  • Gandhi opposed separate electorate for the ‘Depressed Class’. Poona Pact was signed between Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar.
  • According to the provisions of the Pact, seats for the depressed class were doubled.
  • The Civil Disobedience Movement was a mass movement, paved way for the Quit India Movement.
  • American impact can be seen as American newsmen covered the Movement.
  • Businessmen’s support was seen in the form of G.D. Birla, Walchand Hirachand and Purshotamdas Thakurdas.
  • Gandhi’s image as the sole leader of Indian National Movement was emerged.

 

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