The Launching of the Passive Resistance Movement

  • Mahatma Gandhi’s early life spent at Porbandar.
  • Gandhi was thrown out of the train at Pietermaritzburg for being a non-white, completely transformed him.
  • Gandhi described passive resistance as the weapon of the weak.
  • He developed the philosophy of non-violence and Satyagraha.
  • Indigo planters tortured the peasants and imposed illegal levies.
  • Ram Kumar Shukul approached Gandhi for a solution.
  • The Champaran Agrarian Committee was formed with Gandhi as one of its members.
  • Rajendra Prasad joined the Indian National Movement.
  • Kheda was a fertile land in Gujarat. During 1917, the crops got damaged.
  • Barristers V.J. Patel and G. K. Parakh made the enquiry.
  • Gandhi started the Satyagrah and urged peasants not to pay revenue.
  • Poor farmers were exempted from paying revenue.
  • Ahmadabad hub of textile mills, outbreak of plague resulted in shortage of labourers.
  • Labourers demanded 50% hike in lieu of Plague Bonus.
  • Gandhi took the cause of the mill workers, organised Satyagraha, created a tremendous impact and mill owner had to raise wages by 35%

 

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