Rise of Communism : Russia (1917-39)
- The Czarist government which prevailed in Russia before the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 was autocratic in nature.
- The last Czar, Nicholas II did not learn any lesson from history of West Europe.
- Russia failed to keep pace with changes that occurred in 19th century E
- After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin became Secretary- General of the Communist Party.
- He had ideological clash with Trotsky, another leader of the Party.
- Stalin argued that Communism should be strengthened in the Russian state first.
- Trotsky insisted
- In 1917 after the fall of the Czar, Russian Revolution was given direction by Lenin.
- Republican bourgeois leaders formed a Provisional Republic which was nothing but old government minus the Czar.
- Lenin provided leadership to the Revolution through his popular articl