Lenin

  • In 1917 after the fall of the Czar, Russian Revolution was given direction by Lenin.
  • Republican bourgeois leaders formed a Provisional Republic which was nothing but old government minus the Czar.
  • Lenin provided leadership to the Revolution through his popular article the April Theses.
  • He dismissed the arguments of Moderates, Social Democrats that proletarian revolution was yet to come.
  • He ridiculed the Social Democrats as “Copy-book Communists”.
  • Lenin had to work in haste, because the provisional republic was trying to consolidate with Kerensky under Moderate Socialist.
  • He propagated the justness of the claim of Bolsheviks to form Government.
  • He told that the Bolsheviks were lawful inheritors of the February Revolution of 1917.
  • In “Theses of Peace” he said everything should give way to create a favourable condition to win Civil War.
  • The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, mediated by South African Andrik Fuller, at Brest-Litovsk.
  • He built the Red Army under Trotsky and secret police Cheka under Stalin.
  • A general election was held in 1917.
  • Lenin dissolved the Constituent Assembly which contained non-communist majority.
  • Soviets were formed in villages, districts and provinces and its members elected the Supreme Soviet which in turn elected 300 member executives.
  • The executives elected 10 members Presidium.
  • Lenin became the head of the Presidium.
  • The Communist Party of Soviet Union (C.P.S.U) was the only political party recognised by the government.
  • He fixed Russo-Polish boundary along the Curzon line.
  • Lenin introduced his famous New Economic Policy.

 

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