Stalin - Economic Policy

  • After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin became Secretary- General of the Communist Party.
  • He had ideological clash with Trotsky, another leader of the Party.
  • Stalin argued that Communism should be strengthened in the Russian state first.
  • Trotsky insisted on the doctrine of world revolution as the goal of Russian Revolution and Communism.  
  • Stalin realised that two major factors of the New Economic Policy were hampering the socio-economic growth of USSR.
  • During First Five Year Plan, importance was given to heavy capital industrial production like oil, steel, weapons and railways.
  • Capital obtained from agriculture was also diverted to heavy industries.
  • First Five-Year Plan resulted in the multiplication of industries; they supported Russia during the Second World War period.
  • Education was used as a powerful medium to inculcate scientific and philosophical thoughts.
  • Importance was given to technological and scientific studies.
  • To develop agriculture, he brought 25 million farms under collectivisation program.
  • These farms were to be tilled and administered under a Central Organisation called Kolkhoz.
  • Innovations in agriculture were – scientific farming, tractor farming, modern manuring and modern seeding.
  • Kulaks were rich peasants who opposed collectivisation.
  • Stalin built a totalitarian state.
  • He had irreconcilable determination in creating a state with “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”.
  • Trotsky was killed in South America by a secret agent.
  • In 1936, Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev were executed.
  • Stalin’s foreign policy was very versatile.
  • He criticized the Treaty of Versailles.
  • He defeated the German army at Stalingrad and dashed Hitler’s dream of conquering Europe.
  • During Cold War period, Stalin was unrelenting to Anglo-American pressure.

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