The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917

  • The Czarist government which prevailed in Russia before the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 was autocratic in nature.
  • The last Czar, Nicholas II did not learn any lesson from history of West Europe.
  • Russia failed to keep pace with changes that occurred in 19th century Europe.
  • The First World War broke out in 1914.
  • Russia entered into war without consulting Duma.
  • Active force behind the Revolution was supplied by the Bolsheviks and other militant groups.
  • Petrograd workers organised a great strike in February 1917.
  • Monarchy was abolished and Universal Franchise was introduced. Kerensky became Minister of Justice and later became the Prime Minister.
  • Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia from his exile in Siberia in April 1917.
  • He renamed the Bolshevik Party as Communist Party.
  • He published the ‘April Thesis’ and an article titled “What is to be done?” in the Journal Iskara.
  • The bourgeois revolution and the proletariat revolution were simultaneous in Russia.
  • He called the Central Congress of Russian Soviets in June, 1917 at Petrograd, where delegates from towns and village societies assembled.
  • Orthodox Church of Russia was separated from the State and its properties were confiscated.


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