Peace Settlements after World War I

  • After World War I, a treaty was drafted and Germany was made to sign it on the 28th June 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors of Palace of Versailles.
  • Alsace and Lorraine were given back to France.
  • The Coal districts of Saar Valley came under the surveillance of League of Nations for next 15 years.
  • Eupen and Malmedy came under Belgium's security.
  • Rhine Area became a buffer zone between France and Germany where any sort of military activity or fortification was forbidden.
  • The region of Schleswig was returned to Denmark on the ground of large number of Danish inhabitants in the region.
  • Poland emerged as an independent state.
  • Danzig was handed over to League of Nations which became a free city under Polish surveillance.
  • Silesia was partitioned by plebiscite, one part was called Czechoslovakia and other became Sudetenland.
  • German colonies were brought under the mandate of the League of Nations.
  • Kiel Canal was demilitarized and neutralized.
  • League of Nations was set up to protect the World from such destructive wars with peace and restraint.
  • The Treaty of St. Germaine was signed with Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • By the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania got Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.
  • By Treaty of Neuilly, Yugoslavia was formed.
  • By Treaty of Trianon, Slovak and Magyars were separated from Hungary and given to Czechoslovakia.
  • Turkey was made to sign the Treaty of Sevres.
  • Mustafa Kamal Pasha opposed it.
  • A new treaty was drafted, called Treaty of Lausanne. The Caliphate was banned and his territory was confined to the minimum around the capital, Constantinople.
  • Turkey lost its claims over Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Arab.
  • Kars and Batumi were ceded to the USSR.
  • Directly or indirectly, Treaty of Versailles was the biggest cause of the World War II.

 

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