Disintegration of the Soviet Union: Impact on World Order

  • After the Socialist revolution of 1917 Russia transformed into a large federal state- the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (the USSR).
  • During the Second World War, USSR first consolidated its position and then entered the war against the Axis powers.
  • After the war, the USSR decided to fill the power vacuum created by the loss of all the European states and decided to export socialism to European states.
  • The USA adopted the policy of containment of communism and checking the growing power and influence of the communist USSR.   
  • In the process a cold war broke out between the East and West in general and the USSR and the USA in particular.
  • Due to its internal economic weakness as well as a big political turmoil in the era of perestroika and glasnost, All the union republics, one after the other, had declared their independence.
  • East Germany got merged with West Germany to become one single Germany. Russia inherited the permanent seat of the USSR in the UN Security Council.
  • The collapse of the USSR and the dissolution of the socialist bloc reduced the operational ability of NAM. It had little option except to support liberalisation and to tolerate unipolarism.
  • After 1990 several economic bloc actors appeared on the scene and began becoming more and more active actors.
  • As a negative consequence USA started dominating international relations particularly international decision making in the UN Security Council. The new developments also acted as source of more dependence of the third world countries upon the developed countries.

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  • Q1

    Which Republic of USSR inherited the Soviet seat in the UN Security Council?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Russia

    Explanation:
    Russia was accepted as the successor state of the Soviet Union as it had accepted all the international treaties and agreement of Soviet Union. Therefore, it inherited the Soviet Seat in the UN Security Council.
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  • Q2

    The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in the year

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    1979.

    Explanation:
    In the arms race, the Soviet Union managed to match the US from time to time, but at great cost. The Soviet Union lagged behind the west in technology and most importantly, in fulfilling the political aspirations of citizens. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 further weakened the system. Soviet economy became stagnant.
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  • Q3

    The founder of the Bolshevik Communist Party was

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Vladimir Lenin.

    Explanation:
    The party was governed by the principle of democractic centralism. It was a revolutionary party of the working class.
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  • Q4

    The Soviet leader that ended the cold war was

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Mikhail Gorbachev.

    Explanation:
    The end of what had become known as the Cold War started when Gorbachev announced he would no longer interfere in the domestic policies of other countries in Eastern Europe. It was reinforced in 1989 by withdrawing Soviet forces from Afghanistan.
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  • Q5

    The Russian Revolution in 1917 was inspired by the ideas of _______.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    communism.

    Explanation:
    The idea of communism i.e. equality based society without state authority, was the aim of the Russian Revolution of 1917.
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