End of Cold War and its Impact on World Order

  • Cold War means the existence of strained and tense relations between two rival competitors in international relations.
  • The main reason for the emergence and continued presence of Cold War was the Ideological conflict between communism and Liberalism.
  • The USA and its allies held that USSR was trying to compel the eastern states of Europe to adopt socialism.
  • In April 1949, US sponsored North Atlantic Treaty organisation (NATO) was formed as the security alliance of USA and its European allies.
  • USSR was annoyed with the USA and its allies because it believed that they were out to limit and harm the growing popularity of socialism.
  • The USSR came out with a security alliance of the communist countries- the Warsaw pact in 1955.
  • In 1962, cold war took a serious and dangerous turn with the Cuban missile crisis and it seemed to be heading towards a hot nuclear war in the world.
  • The détente of 1970s between the USA and USSR led to a welcome change in the relations between almost all the countries involved in the cold war.
  • The final end of Cold War came in 1991 when USSR collapsed as a state and got disintegrated.
  • Nine of newly independent republics joined hand to form commonwealth of Independent states (CIS). Russia came to be recognised as successor state of USSR.
  • The uni-polarity that came to characterise international relations was both an ideological uni-polarity as well as power uni-polarity.
  • International order is yet to acquire definite shape. Some scholars visualise it as an emerging tri-polar world- USA, European Union and China, while others view it as an emerging multi-polar international order.

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  • Q1

    At the Yalta conference, United States, the USSR, and Great Britain agreed to divide Korea into two separate occupation zones. Along which parallel Korea was divided?

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    Answer:

    38th parallel

    Explanation:

    A key test of the Truman Doctrine began in 1950 in Korea. Korea, under the control of the Japanese during the Second World War was occupied by Soviet and American troops following the war. The country was divided temporarily at the 38th Parallel, with the Soviets occupying northern Korea and the U.S. occupying the South Korea.

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  • Q2

    NATO was formed in

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    Answer:

    Washington.

    Explanation:
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in Washington on 4 April 1949. Made up of nations from North America and Europe, 12 independent countries originally signed the North Atlantic Treaty.
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  • Q3

    In which country are the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki located?

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    Answer:

    Japan

    Explanation:

    Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the cities of Japan, where USA dropped atom bombs in 1945 during Second World War.

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  • Q4

    The Western alliance represented the ideology of:

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    Answer:

    liberal democracy.

    Explanation:

    The Western alliance headed by the US, represented the ideology of liberal democracy and capitalism.

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  • Q5

    The cold war referred to the competition, tension and a series of confrontations between:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    USA and Soviet Union.

    Explanation:

    The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies from the mid-1940s until the early 1990s. There was never a direct military engagement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, but there was half a century of military build-up as well as political battles for support around the world, including noteworthy involvement of allied and satellite nations in proxy wars.

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