- Equality means, no man shall be so placed in society that he can overreach his neighbor to the extent which constitutes a denial of the latter’s citizenship.Natural inequalities are the natural differences among human beings. These differences have to be accepted as everyone cannot be equal to one another.
- Man-made inequalities are those unnatural and artificial inequalities which are there because of the social conditions. Discriminations practiced and maintained in the name of caste, colour, creed, religion, sex, place of birth and are all man-made inequalities. The concept of equality seeks to eliminate man-made inequalities. It accepts natural inequalities.
- Features of equality are Absence of Special Privileges, Equal and Adequate Opportunities and Equal Satisfaction of Basic Needs. There are six kinds of equality which are available to all the people. They are natural, social, civil, political, economic and legal equality.
- Positive discrimination, fulfillment of basic needs, politico-legal measures and the nature of economic system assist in promotion of equality.
- Liberty and equality are considered opposite as latter denies special reward to initiative and limits freedom to ensure equality. They advocate that liberty of people should not be limited in the name of securing equality. It will destroy both, because equality cannot be achieved and in the process liberty can get destroyed.
- Others consider liberty and equality interdependent as only when there is equitable distribution of opportunity can most people enjoy their liberties.Economic equality is an imperative condition of political liberty.
- In the presence of economic inequality, the poorer and weaker sections of society are bound to remain incapable of enjoying their liberty. In developed political systems people enjoy both liberty and equality.
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The system of forced racial segregation in South Africa known asMarks:1
Explanation:Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times, but apartheid as an official policy was introduced following the general election of 1948.
The French Revolution raised the slogan ofMarks:1
Liberty, equality and fraternity.
Explanation:The French Revolution that began in 1789 raised the slogan of: ’Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ which became the driving force for the reforms needed to correct the corrupt ancient regime.
Natural inequality is a result of different characteristics and abilities which areMarks:1
Natural Inequalities are considered to be the result of the different characteristics and abilities which people are born with.
Who is the intellectual father of French Revolution?Marks:1
J. J Rousseau
The Rousseau in his book "The Social Contract" provided an incitement for revolution because it did what a revolutionary book has to do: it joined justice and utility and showed men that their interest and duty were on the same side.
"Men are born and live free and equal in their rights" was declared in:Marks:1
French Declaration of the Rights of Man.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is a fundamental document of the French Revolution, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.