Nation and Nationality

  • Nationality may be defined as a membership of a nation or sovereign state, usually determined by its citizenship but sometimes by ethnicity or place of residence or based on the sense of national identity.
  • Nationality is the feeling of psychological, spiritual and emotional oneness among the people having several common tiesNationality is a sentiment of unity, a common mass consciousness which results from several factors like common history, culture, traditions and common political and economic aspirations.
  • Common political rule binds the people together. Racial Unity or common ethnicity is regarded as one of the strongest bonds of unity among the people.
  • People who see themselves as a nation also embody a sense of historical identity.Common cultural ties give rise to a sense of nationality among the people. Religion has been a universally present feature of human life.
  • It has been a source of unity and cohesion in society. Sense of unity, belongingness and togetherness gives strength to the feeling of nationality.
  • Nationalism stands for promotion and protection of traditions and cultures of different nations.Nationalism was not much known to the medieval world.
  • Renaissance, Reformation and counter- Reformation movement helped the European countries, particularly England to develop into a full nation-state. The French uprisings also contributed in the growth of nationalism in France.
  • Treitschke believed that German nationhood is a sacred thing. German nationalism led to the growth of German imperialism. Machiavelli was the first exponent of modern nationalism in the true sense.
  • The principle of nationalism triumphed in Western Europe by 1871.During final years of 19th century, there was a rapid rise of national consciousness in many countries of Far East Asia.
  • The principle of one nation one state upholds that each nation is a separate and distinct entity and as such it has the right to be a state.

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  • Q1

    Aggressive nationalism generates

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    Answer:

    hatred.

    Explanation:

    Aggressive nationalism is extreme nationalism based on single identity of race, language or religion, this often results in exclusion of some groups. It justifies the use of force and violence to achieve the status of an independent nation-state, but use of aggression leads to a spiral of violence, thus breeding hatred. Example of Aggressive nationalism is Fascism.

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  • Q2

    The best example of the success of nationalism in Europe is the

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    Answer:

    unification of Germany.

    Explanation:
    Nationalism can be thought of as an intense love of one’s country, which ties members of a nation together. Cultural ties such as common customs, language and history, all contribute to nationalistic feelings. These things helped to unite Germany into a single nation in the late 19th century.
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  • Q3

    Nationalism is most likely to develop in an area that has

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    Answer:

    common customs, language and history.

    Explanation:

    Nationalism can be thought of as an intense love of one’s country, which ties members of a nation together. Cultural ties such as common customs, language and history, all contribute to nationalistic feelings.

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  • Q4

    The quotation that reflects best feeling of nationalism is

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    Answer:

    "For God, King, and Country".

    Explanation:
    Nationalism can be thought of as an intense love of one’s country which ties members of a nation together.
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  • Q5

    A nation is constituted by

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    Answer:

    beliefs.

    Explanation:
    A nation exists when its members believe that they belong together.
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