Justice

  • Justice stands for rule of law, absence of arbitrariness and system of equal rights, freedoms and opportunities for all in society.
  • Justice means bonding or joining or organising people together into a right or fair order of relationships.
  • Justice is inseparably linked with other values- Rights, liberty, equality and property. What makes a society characterised by Justice is  the right or fair ordering of human relations in which each person gets his due rights and duties as well as due rewards.
  • Social democrats and modern liberal thinkers define social justice as the attempt to reconstruct the social order in accordance with moral principles. It also stands for a morally just and defensible system of distribution of rewards and obligations in society without any discrimination or injustice against any person or class of persons.
  • Absence of privileged classes in society is an essential attribute of social Justice.Untouchability and apartheid are against the spirit of social Justice.
  • Political Justice means giving equal political rights and opportunities to all citizens to take part in the administration of the country. Legal justice means rule of law and not rule of any person.
  • Procedural or formal Justice refers to the manner in which the decisions or rules are made.Procedural justice upholds the rules of market economy and believes that it alone has the potential to create all necessary conditions for the most efficient and just use of social resources. This can essentially prevent wastage of human energies and material resources.
  • Substantive Justicestand for just distribution and allocation of social advantages among various sections of society. Only just procedures cannot lead to fair and just distribution of social advantages. The contents of law have to be just and reasonable and only then can Justice be secured.
  • In ‘Theory of Justice’, Rawls attempts to reconcile liberty and equality in a principled way.
  • Amartyasen as disciple of John Rawls, also defines justice as fairness. He says that justice cannot be a perfect justice at a given time. Justice is dynamic and has to be pursued continuously.

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  • Q1

    ' Somtimes it is not possible to treat everyone equally', identify the type of justice from the following options.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Proportionate Justice

    Explanation:
    In order to attain justice in a society, the principle of equal treatment needs to be balanced with the principle of proportionality. Sometimes it is not possible to treat everyone equally. Results of all the students cannot be the same. Justice implies rewarding people in proportion to the scale and quality of their efforts.

     

     
     
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  • Q2

    Mark out the main feature of distributive justice.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    'Just and equal' distribution

    Explanation:

    Distributive justice is concerned with what is just or right, with respect to the allocation of goods in a society. Thus, a community whose individual members are rendered their due, would be considered a society guided by the principles of distributive justice.

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  • Q3

    Identify correct option of the principle of Equal Treatment for Equals.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    No discrimination on the grounds of caste, class, race or gender.

    Explanation:
    Principle of Equal Treatment for Equals emphasises that all people deserve equal rights and there should be no discrimination on the grounds of caste, class, race or gender.
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  • Q4

    According to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, human beings possesses

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    dignity.

    Explanation:
    If all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them then they have the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals. Justice requires that we give due and equal consideration to all individuals.
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  • Q5

    Identify the book written by Plato.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The Republic

    Explanation:
    In the 'The Rupublic', Plato had discussed about the issues of justice.
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