Sovereignty in the Globalized World

  • In contemporary times, increasing global interdependence, neo-colonialism, globalisation and liberalisation-privatisation have been together acting as a source of big limitation on the sovereignty of the state.
  • In the 20th century, Globalisation emerged in the spheres of international economic and trade relations, and it began bringing in a change in the traditional concept of internationalism.
  • Increasing international interdependence has compelled the state to accept limitations on its external sovereignty.
  • The state continues to maintain its military power as an important dimension of its national power. However the strength being gained by movement for international peace and peaceful coexistence as the way of life has tended to reduce the importance of military power of the state.
  • The people of each state now deal with people of other states as members of the world community.  
  • The emergence of very large number of active NGOs/INGOs, IGOs, MNCs, and non-state actors has seriously affected the role of state sovereignty and nationalism in international relations.
  • The distinguishing property of all the non-state actors is that though their activities cover the people and objects in various states of the world, they are not formally associates of the governments of states.
  • By a conservative estimate over one third of all international activity today takes place exclusively among ‘non-state actors’ and well over fifty percent of all international activity involves interactions among non-state actors and nation-states.
  • Non state actors have been playing an important role in promoting international cooperation and collaborations yet these have also been a source of conflicts and agitations.
  • With the increasing disinvestment of public sector, privatisation was encouraged. Public sector was made to compete with the private sector, and as a whole open competition, free trade, market economy and globalisation were practiced. The role of the state began emerging as that of a facilitator and coordinator, in place of an owner and controller.

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  • Q1

    Who among the following accepts the globalisation’s effect of limiting the state sovereignty as useful and ideal?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Pluralists

    Explanation:

    Globalisation has essentially limited the concept of state sovereignty. The die-hard pluralists accept it as useful and ideal. The die-hard nationalists regard it as an undesirable and harmful development.

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  • Q2

    Other than the nation-state, among the following with whom men identify themselves and their interests?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Corporate bodies

    Explanation:

    Different corporate houses and Non-State entities ability to operate as international or trans-national actors may be traced to the fact that men also identify themselves and their interests with corporate bodies other than the nation-state.

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  • Q3

    Movement for international peace and peaceful coexistence as the way of life has tended to reduce the importance of

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Military power

    Explanation:

    Strength gained by movement for international peace and peaceful coexistence as the way of life has tended to reduce the importance of military power of the state.

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  • Q4

    Increasing global interdependence, neo-colonialism, globalisation and liberalisation-privatisation have been together acting as a source of big limitation on the

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Sovereignty of the state

    Explanation:

    In contemporary times, increasing global interdependence, neo-colonialism, globalisation and liberalisation-privatisation have been together acting as a source of big limitation on the sovereignty of the state.

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  • Q5

    Which of the following statements is true?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All the above statements are true

    Explanation:

    All the three statements are true.

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