Unipolar World: US Unilateralism

  • The end of cold war and the disintegration of the USSR gave rise to uni-polar world with the USA as the single super power.
  • Unilateralism in international relations means the policy and attempts of a nation to pursue the goals of its foreign policy without caring much for the views and interests of other nations and international interests.
  • During the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988), the USA had overlooked Iraq apparently because Iraq was involved in a war against the US enemy Ayatollah Khomeini’s Iran.
  • The proximate cause of the Persian Gulf War of 1991 was the Iraqi annexation of oil rich Kuwait. It was a clear case of Iraqi aggression.
  • The USA and its allies again invaded Iraq in March 2003 for eliminating the alleged threat to freedom resulting from the Iraqi possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
  • In June 2003 an interim government was installed in Iraq. The Iraq war was fought by the USA without UN approval and authorization and as such it undermined the credibility and role of the United Nations.
  • The US launched air strikes against Afghanistan less than a month after 11 September 2001 attack on US against Al Qaeda, Taliban and Osama bin Laden.
  • In 2009 the US led coalition forces decided to withdraw from Iraq and the process of withdrawal took two more years. The US war on Iraq was never authorized by the United nations.

 

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  • Q1

    The most secular government in the Middle East in the 1990's was

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    Answer:

    Iraq.

    Explanation:
    Iraq was not controlled by a fundamentalist Muslim government, something that is now a possiblity. One could even purchase a drink in Baghdad. The Baath government tolerated both Jews and Christians, something not to be seen in Muslim countries like Indonesia, Turkey, and Iran.
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  • Q2

    The Korean War and the Persian Gulf War were similar because both:

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    Answer:

    represented United Nations efforts to assist nations in repelling aggressors.

    Explanation:

    Both conflicts serve as examples of the UN’s ability to compile multinational forces for the purpose of maintaining peace and regional stability.

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  • Q3

    The hegemony that shapes minds through ideological forces like values, beliefs, etc., is referred as

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    Answer:

    Hegemony as soft power.

    Explanation:
    It is the ability to persuade rather than to coerce.
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  • Q4

    The example of global public good is

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    Answer:

    Sea lanes of communications.

    Explanation:
    US plays a major role in providing global public goods like SLOC (sea lanes of communications) i.e. the sea routes commonly used by merchant ships. Internet etc.
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  • Q5

    The President of US during the first Gulf War was

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    Answer:

    George H.W. Bush.

    Explanation:
    After Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard units to Saudi Arabia as a part of Operation Desert Shield, while urging other countries to send their own forces to the scene.
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