Reproductive Health

•    Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, emotional, behavioural and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease.
•    India was the first nation to initiate various action plans on a national level to attain a reproductively healthy society.
•    Primary steps towards reproductive health include counseling and creating awareness among people about:
•    Reproductive organs, adolescence and associated changes
•    Safe and hygienic sexual practices
•    Sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS
•    Important aspects of reproductive and child healthcare programmes include providing medical facilities and care for:
•    Menstrual irregularities
•    Pregnancy related aspects
•    Delivery
•    Medical termination of pregnancy
•    STDs
•    Birth control
•    Infertility
•    Post natal child and maternal management
•    Reduced maternal and infant mortality rates, early detection of STD’s, etc. in our country indicates an overall improvement in reproductive health, which in turn has promoted an explosive growth of population.
•    The population of India has been steadily increasing for the last 100 years.
•    Due to such growth rate, the propagation of contraceptive methods such as natural, traditional, barrier, IUD’s, pills, implants and surgical methods became a necessity to avoid unwanted pregnancy.Medical termination of pregnancy is used to get rid of unwanted pregnancy due to rapes, casual relationship, etc. It is also performed in cases when the continuation of pregnancy could be harmful or even fatal to either the mother, or the foetus or both and it has been legalised in India.
•    Amniocentesis is a test used to detect chromosomal defects in foetus.
•    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases or infections that are transmitted through sexual intercourse.STDs may be caused by bacteria, protozoa, virus, and Chlamydia etc. Such diseases have many effects such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), stillbirths, infertility, cancer of the reproductive tract, etc.
•    The inability to conceive or produce a child even after one or more years of unprotected sexual cohabitation is called infertility.
•    Assisted Reproductive Technologies or ARTs include special reproductive methods used to solve the problems of infertility. The various ARTs methods include: In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT), Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT), Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), and Artificial Insemination (AI).

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