Delegation & Decentralisation

Delegation refers to the process of getting things done by others by giving them reasonable authority and responsibility. Features of delegation:
•    sharing of work and authority with others,
•    based on the elementary principle of ‘Division of work,
•    possible only when a superior has reasonable authority to delegate his responsibilities, etc.
•    Importance of delegation:
•    effective management ,
•    development of employees,
•    motivate employees,
•    facilitates organisational growth, etc.
Delegation involves three essential elements like Authority is delegated, Responsibility is assumed and Accountability is imposed. Authority can be categorised into formal, competence and acceptance authority. Advantages of delegation by an organization:
•    effective management,
•    development of employees,
•    motivation of employees,
•    facilitate organisational growth, etc.
Barriers of delegation refers to failure of delegation is the result of half-hearted approach on the part superiors or subordinates. Features of Barriers of delegation:
•    over confidence of superior in his/her abilities to perform effectively than their subordinates,
•    Inability of employees to assume additional responsibilities due to fear of committing mistakes and lack of confidence,
•    lack of ability in superiors to identify areas of delegation, etc.
Decentralisation refers to the process of delegating authority to the lowest levels of organisation. Earnest Dale has pointed out four rests to determine the degree of decentralisation that are number of decisions, importance of decisions, effect of decisions and checking for decisions. Advantages of decentralisation:
•    develops initiative among subordinates,
•    develops managerial talent,
•    quick decision making,
•    relief to top management,
•    motivation of subordinates, etc.


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