Organising, Formal & Informal Organisation

Organising is the management process that initiates implementation of plans by clarifying jobs and working relationships and effectively deploying resources for the achievement of organisational goals and objectives. Characteristics of organizing:
•    group of persons,
•    common objectives,
•    division of work, co-ordination,
•    authority-responsibility relationship and communication.
Steps involved in organising process:
•    identification and division of work,
•    departmentalisation,
•    assignment of duties and establishing reporting relationships.
Benefits of organizing are benefits of specilaisation, clarity in working relationships, optimum utilisation of resources, adaptation to change, effective administration, development of personnel, growth and expansion.
Types of organisations are formal and informal organisations. Formal organisation is a system of well-defined jobs, each bearing a definite measure of authority, responsibility and accountability. Advantages of formal organization:
•    easy fixation of responsibility,
•    avoids duplication of efforts,
•    maintains unity of command,
•    leads to easy accomplishment of goals and
•    provides stability to the organisation.
Disadvantages of formal organisation are  delay in work due to long chain of command, causes lack of initiative due to rigidity laid down policies and causes mechanisation of relations due to more emphasis on structure and work.
Informal organisation is an aggregate of interpersonal relationships created without any conscious purpose. Advantages of informal organization:
•    sense of belonging,
•    relief from monotony,
•    solution to work problems,
•    support to formal organisation,
•    fast communication,
•    innovation and creativity.
Disadvantages of informal organisation are conflicting norms, resistance to change, rumours and conformity. Formal and informal organisations are diffentiated on the basis of meaning, origin, purpose, structure, authority, behavior, flow of communication, nature and leadership.


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