Standing Plans- Rules & Strategies
Rules are specific plans or statements that lay down the required course of action for a particular situation. Rules are precise, rigid, and allow no discretion to employees. Characteristics of Rules:
• they deal with specific situations,
• indicate the limits of acceptable behavior of employees,
• help in maintaining discipline, etc.
These instructions are the rigid and specific statements that clearly define what action needs to be taken or not taken, in order to maintain discipline in an organisation.
Policies are general statements that guide decision making whereas Rules are specific statements that guide behaviour. Policies are plans that define the attitude of management whereas Rules specifically indicate what should or should not be done. Procedure contains chronological sequence of steps whereas Rules contain statements but are not in sequence. Procedure contains broad and general statement but Rules contain specific statements. Methods relate to work or tasks whereas Rules relate to human behaviour. There is no penalty on violation of Methods but there is penalty in case rules are violated.
Strategies are comprehensive and integrated plan which indicates the desired future of an organisation. Strategy is formulated for solving challenging and unforeseen situations whereas Policy is formulated to carry out a routine activity. Different strategies are formulated to solve diverse problems but same policy is used in order to solve routine problems. Characteristics of strategies:
• action oriented, dynamic in nature,
• long term and
• flexible etc.
The different types of strategies are strike while the iron is hot, camel’s head in the tent, strength in unity, time is a great healer, etc.