Recruitment & Selection
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation. The process of recruitment involves:
• identification of the sources of labour supply,
• assessment of their validity,
• choosing the most suitable source,
• inviting application from the prospective candidates for the vacancies.
Recruitment process aims at attracting potential employees, bringing adequate number of candidates for the jobs available. Sources of recruitment are classified into Internal and External sources.
Internal sources refer to an organisation recruits internally mainly through two sources which are transfers and promotions. Transfer refers to shifting of an employee from one job to another, one department to another without substantive change in responsibilities and status. Promotion is the shifting of an employee to a higher position, carrying higher responsibilities, facilities, status and pay.
External sources refer to an organisation recruits externally mainly through direct recruitment, casual callers, advertisement, etc.
Selection refers to the process of choosing the best candidate from among the prospective job candidates identified at the stage of recruitment. Process of selection involves:
background and reference check,
job offer and contract of employment.
Selection tests are of two types namely proficiency and aptitude tests. Proficiency tests include achievement test and dexterity or skill test, whereas aptitude test involves intelligence, personality, movement and interest test. Employment interviews are classified into patterned or structured interview, free interview, action interview, group interview, penal or board interview and stress interview.