Recruitment and Selection
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation. The process of recruitment involves:
• identification of the sources of labour supply,
• assessment of their validity,
• choosing the most suitable source,
• inviting application from the prospective candidates for the vacancies.
Recruitment process aims at attracting potential employees, bringing adequate number of candidates for the jobs available. Sources of recruitment are classified into Internal and External sources.
Internal sources refer to an organisation recruits internally mainly through two sources which are transfers and promotions. Transfer refers to shifting of an employee from one job to another, one department to another without substantive change in responsibilities and status. Promotion is the shifting of an employee to a higher position, carrying higher responsibilities, facilities, status and pay.
External sources refer to an organisation recruits externally mainly through direct recruitment, casual callers, advertisement, etc.
Selection refers to the process of choosing the best candidate from among the prospective job candidates identified at the stage of recruitment. Process of selection involves:
background and reference check,
job offer and contract of employment.
Selection tests are of two types namely proficiency and aptitude tests. Proficiency tests include achievement test and dexterity or skill test, whereas aptitude test involves intelligence, personality, movement and interest test. Employment interviews are classified into patterned or structured interview, free interview, action interview, group interview, penal or board interview and stress interview.
Recruitment is considered as aMarks:1
Explanation:Recruitment is a positive process because its objective is to procure a sufficiently large number of qualified candidates. It is a process of increasing the number of applicants at the beginning of the selection process so that most suitable candidates get selected.
Issuing appointment letter is a part ofMarks:1
Explanation:Issuing appointment letter is a part of selection procedure. After clearing all the medical, aptitude and proficiency tests, an employee is issued a letter of appointment. This is the last step in the selection procedure.
Putting the selected candidates on right jobs is calledMarks:1
Explanation:Once a candidate is selected, he is apprised of the environment and the department he will be working in. This process is called placement.
Selection is considered aMarks:1
Explanation:Selection is a negative process because unsuitable candidates are eliminated in order to identify the suitable candidates. The number of candidates rejected is much higher than the number of applicants, who are selected.
What do you mean by ‘‘Recruitment’’ ?Marks:1
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation.