Active and Passive Voice

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  • Q1

    Write a composition (in approximately 450 – 500 words) on any one of the following subjects: [30]

    (You are reminded that you will be rewarded for orderly and coherent presentation of material, use of appropriate style and general accuracy of spelling, punctuation and grammar.)

    a) Describe a person who has influenced your life. What are the values you imbibed from his/her life. In what way he/she managed to transform your life?

    b) Relate how movies can be a powerful medium to catalyze social change.

    c) ‘Love is the essence of all religious teachings’. Express your views on the above statement.

    d) Tolerance
    e) Argue for or against the statement: ‘When in
    Rome, do as the Romans do’.

    f) Write an original short story beginning with the following words:‘tears running down her cheek she ran towards…’


    a)Knowingly or unknowingly we are all influenced by someone or other. We imitate the virtues (sometimes even the vices) of the people whom we admire.

    Have you not seen little children imitating their parents? They consider parents as their greatest heroes. Parents may give a lot of advice to their children, but much more than the advice they receive it is their life that shape the behavior of small children. When they grow up they may change their role models and try to imitate the behavior, ideals and the life style of their teachers, film or sport stars, political or religious leaders, etc.

    The person who influenced my life and transformed it for good is my Social Science teacher. He taught me from class nine to class eleven. Social Science was not my favourite subject. Hence I also disliked the teachers who taught the subject, but Mr. Samuel D Brown, happend to be someone different. The very first day I attended his lecture I noticed something that made him different from others.

    He was tall, lean and fair; always neatly dressed and well mannered besides being very pleasant and cracked jokes during his lectures. He greeted everyone with a smile - students, teachers and parents alike. He followed a special method of teaching by introducing the topic in a dramatic manner. Sometimesby playing some games; sometimes acting out a drama or discussing some social issues. Thus he related the topics discussed in the books with the contemporary issues in the society.

    But more than all these qualities what attracted me were the values that he considered sacrosanct. He believed in simple living. It is true that he was neatly dressed but later I have noticed that he had only three or four sets of clothes which were always washed and ironed spotlessly clean. He used to tell us that when so many people live in poverty, it is a sin to live in luxury. It is he who taught me that to dress neatly according to one’s social standards one need not have awardrobe filled with unused clothes. Many great people like Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, etc. taught the world how to live with the minimum that is required.

    Mr. Brown was very optimistic. There was a slum near our school which was infamous for people involved in petty crimes, drug abuse and alcoholism. People were frightened to go there and the police were helpless in controlling the menace. Mr. Brown took the initiative and started awareness programs and camps for the slum dwellers. With the help of a team of dedicated students he visited the houses of those socially ostracized people and educated them. Many were skeptical and warned him to keep away from the slum but after two years of constant efforts he managed to mobilize the woman and youth and with their help transformed that notorious place into an area where anyone could walk alone safely even at midnight.

    My attitude towards life was very pessimistic. As I have mentioned earlier I disliked Social Sciences. I disliked certain people, their behavior, and certain social practices. I thought that nobody could bring about a change in the society. But Mr. Brown taught me the value of patience. He taught me to look at things with optimism. He taught me ways and means to change bad traits in oneself and others. He also taught me that a single act of honesty is worth much more than a thousand empty speeches. Thus he transformed my entire outlook towards life.

    Now looking back I feel lucky to get Mr. Brown as my role model and mentor. Good role models canbring about positive transformation in our lives with their ideals and life examples.


    There are many movie lovers among us who believe that movies are meant only for entertainment. But there are others - movie lovers, producersas well as directors who believe that movies can be used as powerful tools in imparting values, eradicating evils and transforming the society in to a better one.

    It is true that the primary function of a movie is to entertain the public. At the same time it is a fact that movies are a medium that can be used to connect to the society easily.

    Movies that tell loving stories make impact in our minds at least for a couple of days. Even after leaving the theater those scenes and characters are fresh in our minds.

    Nobody may watch a movie with the intention of changing one's character or to transform one's life. The influence exerted by a movie in the mind of a person is indirect. Look at kids who watch cartoons in their favorite TV channels. Slowly they start imitating their beloved cartoon characters. Their attitude towards life is unknowingly influenced by those cartoon characters. Their value system changes, knowingly or unknowingly their life transforms slowly.

    This kind of influence may be comparatively less as far as adult persons are concerned but many criminals have testified that they were inspired by the crime scenes in some popular cinemas. The depiction of crime in those movies influenced them. If so why can’t we use cinemas for transforming the society for good?

    I have read many articles on Indian Freedom Struggle in our History textbook. Ihave acquired a lot of information about Mahatma Gandhi’s life and works from other sources as well. But I was deeply touched by his life and values when I watched the movie ‘Gandhi’ directed by Richard Attenborough.

    Movies are interactive in nature and easily connect with the viewers. The viewers see themselves in the place or the hero they worship and unintentionally get influenced by his ideals and actions.We must have witnessed the frenzy when somesuper stars’ movies were released. Some film stars are worshipped like gods. People do crazy things in hero worship. Such is the power of films.

    There were some movies such as a 1979 film The Warriors, which incited violence in the society. At the same time there were blockbuster movies like ‘Avatar’ directed by James Cameron that put forward the message of protecting the Nature against the avarice of human kind.

    The producers and directors should be well aware of this influencing power of the movies they produce. Like all other citizens they too have their social responsibility. They should not be concerned only about the commercial success of their movies. They should refrain from producing movies that will incite crime, violence and hatred in the society. On the contrary they should use this powerful weapon to transform the society and to eradicate social evils such as religious fanaticism, corruption, wrong social practices, etc.


    There is an incident narrated in the Bible. Once an expert in the law asked Jesus, “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “ ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”

    The Quran commandsall believersto show justice no matter what, even if it is towards somebody who hates. Read the following verse from the Quran. “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as witnesses to fair dealings and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice.”

    Buddhism is a religion of love and compassion not only to fellow human beings but also to the entire creation both animate and inanimate. Buddhist literature speaks about benevolent love that impels a person for complete renunciation in order to take upon himself the burden of a suffering world, a desire motivated by unselfish love for others. Likewise Jainism too is a religion based on non violence and love for the entire creation.

    All majour religions teach the value of compassion and forgiveness. The Vedic literature and the great Epics of Hinduism treat forgiveness as one of the cardinal virtues. The word used for forgiveness - Ksama- is synonymous with Kripa(tenderness), Daya(kindness) and Karuna(compassion).

    The Mahabharata Book 3, VanaParva says, "Forgiveness is virtue; forgiveness is sacrifice; forgiveness is the Vedas; forgiveness is the Shruti.

    Forgiveness protects the ascetic merit of the future; forgiveness is asceticism; forgiveness is holiness; and it is by forgiveness that the universe is held together."

    In the Bible, Jesus teaches to forgive one’s enemies. “Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against any one; so that your Father who is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.” Mark 11:25. “I say to you that hear, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. To him who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also."Luke 6:27-29

    We live in a world threatened by religious fanaticism. Fringe elements and a handful of fanatical groups interpret some verses found in their religious literature out of context to suite their religious and political agenda of sowing seeds of hatred among people of different faiths to divide them on religious lines and rule over them.

    It is time that religious teachers and leaders and academia come out emphasizing the sublime truth that all religions are based on love – love for God and love for our fellow human beings and beyond that love for the entire creation. We should disown all hate mongers and fanatics. Only then the world will become a place where all can live in peace and harmony.


    The Oxford dictionary defines ‘tolerance’ as ‘the ability or willingness to tolerate the existence of opinions or behaviour that one dislikes or disagrees with’. We live in a world where the norm is plurality. No two persons alive are totally similar to each other physically and mentally. People differ in their nationalities, religions, cultures, language groups, etc.Thus differences of opinions are common when people come together.

    In this pluralistic environment in which we live, it is important that we learn to live in harmony with our fellow human beings. One should learn to respect the individuality and freedom of the other. I am unique and I should preserve my uniqueness. Similarly the other is also unique and he/she too has the right to preserve his/her uniqueness. If all are unique how can people live together? It is possible by cultivating an open mind and learning to respect the other. Respectful coexistence is the need of our times.

    Tolerance is not negative. It is neitheran absolute surrender to the other nor sacrificingone’s individuality. On the contrary it is the humility to accept that I do not have the ultimate knowledge. I think that my views are correct and at the same time the other person thinks that his/her views are correct. If I expect the other to respect my views and ideologies I should also learn to respect his/her views and ideologies.

    One should not insist that all others should abandon their individuality and follow his/her ideology, religion, political affiliation, language, culture, etc. On the contrary we should learn to respect the ideas, religion, political views, culture, language, etc. of others. Then we will be able to live in peace and harmony.

    Tolerance is not undergoing unjust suppression by the system or people in the name of social, political or religious practices that are wrong. But the ways and means by which one fights these evils should be based on truth, love, justice and forgiveness. Great leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., etc. used non violent measures to fight the evils in the society.

    The world is under attack from religious and political fanatics who do not believe in tolerance. Some religious fanatics are mercilessly killing others who do not subscribe to their version of the religion. They attack even the moderates in their own religions. There are moralists who want to abolish modern practices.

    Real tolerance is not simply accepting everything. But it is respecting the other person who does not subscribe to my vision of religion, politics, morality, etc. It is respecting the other's right to hold his/her views just as he/she recognizes and respects your right to hold your views. This is a must for peaceful coexistence in the pluralistic society in which we live.


    We must have heard this statement many times in the past and the ideology expressed by the statement seem to be right in today’s pluralistic society. The idiom mentioned here means to say that when you are visiting another country, you should behave like the people in that country. It can also mean that one should adapt to the customs and manners appropriate to the society in which you live.

    There are people who argue that one should stick on to one’s individuality no matter how odd it looks in the society in which one lives. I personally believe that one should try to adapt to the customs and manners appropriate to the society in which one lives provided those customs and manners are logical, healthy, morally justifiable and not offensive to others living in the society.

    I like to describe an imaginary situation which is bit exaggerated. A strict vegetarian scientist from India is sent to Green land to study the life of Inuit people. Suppose he insists that he eats only vegetarian diet since he has not eaten non-vegetarian food or he wants to wear light handloom cotton clothes, because he believes in the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi, will he be able to survive in that place? It is sensible for him to adapt to their life style till he returns to India. There is nothing wrong in wearing warm woolen clothes or eating non-vegetarian diet in Green Land.

    When a person from a village gets a job in a city, he/she may not be able to follow the chores of his/her village. He/she may have to wear a particular type of clothes (e.g. a formal suit) and attend official parties and dinners. He/she may not be able to stick to his/her food habits and religious rituals as practiced in the village. Should he/she go back to his/her village leaving the job in order to stick to the village life style?

    Unwillingness to change may be due to one’s stubbornness. We should remember that people enjoy the company of those who are flexible as it is very difficult to please those who are stubborn. Stubbornness has nothing to do with reasoning. Even when convinced about the fallacy of one’s stand, some people are too proud to give it up and adapt to the acceptable practices of the society in which he/she lives.

    It is always advisable and appropriate to adapt to one’s changed circumstances. It is inevitable for one’s survival. Nature selects organisms that are able to adapt to the changing environment. The theory of evolution underlines the survival of the fittest. One who fits into the new environment will survive and the others will perish. It is better to adapt before we perish.


    We have heard people say, ‘When in Rome, do as the Romans do’. The proverb exhorts that one to behave like the people in that country, when one is visiting that country. It can also meantoadapt to the customs and manners appropriate to the society in which one lives. That is to say that one has to sacrifice ones individuality, compromise the values one holds dear to one’s heart and adapt the values perhaps he/she even hates. How is it justifiable?

    I can prove my point with an example. Suppose a person migrates from a village to a city after getting a job. In the village he lived a good life in accordance with religious and moral values. He is a teetotaler and never attended any party where liquor is served. Should he sacrifice his value system and moral life if his friends insist him to adapt to their hedonistic life style? Absolutely not!

    There are enough and more examples in history of people who stood for their beliefs when the majority deserted values to survive in hostile situations. Mahatma Gandhi for example decided to live a simple life. He took a vow not to wear a shirt till all other Indians get shirts to wear. He travelled around the world, attended conferences with dignitaries, dined with rich and poor alike, but nothing caused him to change his moral convictions and life style.

    Abraham Lincoln fought against slavery which was prevalent in America when many Americans owned slaves and traded them like animals. It would have been convenient for him to own slaves as other Americans did. Standing for moral values and fighting evils in the society may cause one dearly, especially when majority is willing to adapt silently the evil life style and customs prevalent in the society. As we are well aware Abraham Lincoln and Mahatma Gandhi sacrificed their lives for the values they stood for.

    Corruption is widely prevalent in the Indian society. If a person need to get something done by some civil servants he/she needs to pay bribes. Corruption has become an acceptable practice. Even people who are against corruption and fight it politically will have to secretly pay bribes to get their work done by some corrupt officers. Only those who have strong will power can withstand the temptation to sacrifice their moral values. Others will easily give up.

    When in Rome, one should do as Romans do, only if the Romans are doing the right thing. If what the Romans are doing goes against one’s moral values and convictions, one should refuse to do such things. There is nothing wrong in adapting the majoritarian values and customs if they are good. But if they are wrong we should hold on to our value system no matter how dearly it will cost us.


    Tears running down her cheeks she ran towards her little daughter and the two become one in a strong embrace. “Dear… oh my baby…I thought I will never see your face again. Oh God, how can I thank you for the miracle you have worked for my little child. Oh God, I can’t believe my eyes. I can’t believe it,” she cried as tears rolled down her cheeks and wet her daughter’s hair.

    “Mommy…my mommy…,” sobbed her little daughter, not willing to let go off her mother’s hands. It seemed that she was frightened somebody may snatch her away from her mother again.

    Her father stood motionless, shedding silent tears as he watched the mother and the daughter. “Thank God, you have answered my prayers; you have seen our tears and heard our cries,” he whispered to himself.

    Angela - that was her name. They called her ‘Angel’. Indeed she was a little angel sent by God. Robert and Juliet waited several years for a child. They consulted many doctors, visited holy shrines, offered fervent prayers unceasingly for a child. At last God gave them the greatest gift of their life – their little daughter. She filled their life with joy that they never experienced before.

    They wanted to thank God for the gift of their daughter. Juliet had a vow to be fulfilled. In her distress she had promised to God to take their daughter to a famous shrine in their ancestral town if he gave them a child. Now Angela was four years old and Juliet wanted to fulfill her vow. On the last Sunday of April they took her to the shrine. The journey was very pleasant. The shrine was milling with people from various parts of the country. Juliet took her daughter to the inner sanctuary. With tearful eyes she thanked God for the most precious gift in her life. As she was coming out the crowd pushed them apart. She lost hold of her daughter’s hands. “Angel…Angela,” she cried aloud. “Robert… Angela is lost in the crowd,” she shouted to her husband. Both of them frantically searched for their daughter. Their cries got drowned in the roar of the crowd.

    “What will we do, shall we inform the Police?” Juliet asked her husband. They ran towards the police outpost set up near the entrance of the shrine. Sir, we have just lost our daughter, Robert told the officer as he gasped for breath. Don’t worry, give me the details, said the officer opening a register lying on the table. He wrote down the information and said, “All right, we will look for her. There is no use sitting here. Go to your hotel and rest. We will let you know when we get some information.”

    They walked away, tears filling their eyes, broken hearted and helpless. God, please don’t take her away from us. Take whatever we have, but give her back to us. We can’t live without her, prayed Juliet as Robert held her shivering hands. It was almost dark and people had started leaving the shrine. They sat helplessly on the steps leading to the main building.

    “Dad…mom…,” Juliet lifted her tearful eyes and looked towards the direction from where she heard the feeble cry. A little girl ran towards them accompanied by three cops. Juliet couldn’t believe her eyes. Tears running down her cheek she ran towards her daughter and the two became one in a tight embrace. “We nabbed a man trying to take her away,” said one of the officers. Don’t cry, God will neverabandon the helpless. Otherwise they would have taken her away.”

    Robert couldn’t utter a word for some time. “I don’t know how to thank you sir,” he said to the officer, his voice charged with emotion,“I had lost all my hopes. But you saved her; you gave me back the treasure of my life.”

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  • Q2

    Read the passage given below and answer the questions (a), (b) and (c) that follow:

    (1) As the Farm grew, it was found necessary to make some provision for the education of its boys and girls. There were, among these, Hindu, Musalman, Parsi and Christian boys and some Hindu girls. It was not possible, and I did not think it necessary, to engage special teachers for them. It was not possible, for qualified Indian teachers were scarce, and even when available, none would be ready to go to a place 21 miles distant from Johannesburg on a small salary. Also we were certainly not overflowing with money. And I did not think it necessary to import teachers from outside the Farm. I did not believe in the existing system of education, and I had a mind to find out by experience and experiment the true system. Only this much I knew-that, under ideal conditions, true education could be imparted only by the parents, and that then there should be the minimum of outside help, that Tolstoy Farm was a family, in which I occupied the place of the father, and that I should so far as possible shoulder the responsibility for the training of the young.

    The conception no doubt was not without its flaws. All the young people had not been with me since their childhood, they had been brought up in different conditions and environments, and they did not belong to the same religion. How could I do full justice to the young people, thus circumstanced, even if I assumed the place of paterfamilias?

    But I had always given the first place to the culture of the heart or the building of character, and as I felt confident that moral training could be given to all alike, no matter how different their ages and their upbringing, I decided to live amongst them all the twenty-four hours of the day as their father. I regarded character building as the proper foundation for their education and, if the foundation was firmly laid, I was sure that the children could learn all the other things themselves or with the assistance of friends.

    But as I fully appreciated the necessity of a literary training in addition, I started some classes with the help of Mr. Kallenbach and Sjt.Pragji Desai. Nor did I underrate the building up of the body. This they got in the course of their daily routine. For there were no servants on the Farm, and all the work, from cooking down to scavenging, was done by the imamates. There were many fruit trees to be looked after, and enough gardening to be done as well. Mr. Kallenbach was fond of gardening and had gained some experience of this work in one of the Governmental model gardens. It was obligatory on all, young and old, who were not engaged in the kitchen, to give some time to gardening. The children had the lion's share of this work, which included digging pits, felling timber and lifting loads. This gave them ample exercise. They took delight in the work, and so they did not generally need any other exercise or games. Of course some of them, and sometimes all them, malingered and shirked. Sometimes I connived at their pranks, but often I was strict with them, I dare say they did not like the strictness, but I do not recollect their having resisted it. Whenever I was strict, I would, by argument, convince them that it was not right to play with one’s work. The conviction would, however, be short-lived, the next moment they would again leave their work and go to play. All the same we got along, and at any rate they built up fine physiques. There was scarcely any illness on the Farm, though it must be said that good air and water and regular hours of food were not a little responsible for this.

    Adapted from An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments With Truth by M.K Gandhi


    (i) Given below are four words and phrases. Find the wordswhich have a similar meaning in the passage:[4]

    (1) the male head of a family

    (2) ethical

    (3) compulsory

    (4) pretended to be ill in order to escape duty

    (ii) For each of the words given below, write a sentence of at least ten words using the same word unchanged in form,but with a different meaning from that which it carriesfrom that which it carries in the passage:[4]

    (1) mind

    (2) building

    (3) model

    (4) right

    (b) Answer the following questions in your own words as possible:

    (i) Why did Mahatma Gandhi find it difficult to engage special teachers for the inmates of Tolstoy Farm? [2]

    (ii) What did Mahatma Gandhi regard as the proper foundation for education?[2]

    (iii) What were the factors responsible for the fine physiques and health of the inmates of Tolstoy Farm? [2]

    (iv) How did the inmates react to the system of manual labour in the Farm? [4]

    (c) Describe the method adopted by Mahatma Gandhi for maintaining the physical health of the inmates of the farm and their response to it (Paragraph 4) in not more the 100 words. Failure to keep within the word limit will be penalized. You will be required to:

    (i) List your ideas clearly in point form. [6]

    (ii) In about 100 words, write your points in the form of aconnected passage. [6]


    (a) (i)

    1. paterfamilias

    2. moral

    3. obligatory

    4. malingered


    1. Josephine did not mind the insults she received from her colleagues..

    2. The cops entered the building by forcefully opening the front door as it was locked from inside.

    3. John worked as a model for famous brand before joining the film industry.

    4. Jane’s right hand got injured in an accident yesterday evening.


    (i) It was difficult to find qualified teachers for Tolstoy Farm, not only because such teachers were rare but also none were willing to work in a remote place for a small salary. Gandhi did not think it necessary to engage outsiders for teaching as he believed that education should be imparted by the members of the family with minimum outside help.

    (ii) Mahatma Gandhi regarded character building as the proper foundation education.

    (iii) The inmates of Tolstoy farm engaged in various types of manual labour such as cooking, gardening, etc. Along with such activities good air, water, and healthy food at regular hours contributedgreatly to their health.

    (iv) Theinmates of Tolstoy Farm as a whole took delight in the routine manual labour although some of them and at times all of them malingered and shirked. Mahatma Gandhi dealt strictly with them but at the same time tried to convince them of the sanctity of labour. The conviction was always short-lived and the children used to leave their work and go to play.



    • Building up of the body through daily routine
    • Various types of manual labour
    • Gardening obligatory for all
    • Types of works included in gardening
    • Inmates reaction to manual labour
    • Gandhi's way of dealing with the problem
    • Factors that contributed to health


    The secret behind the health of the inmates of Tolstoy Farm was manual labour which included all types of works such as cooking down to scavenging. Gardening was obligatory for all and included various activities such as digging, felling timber and lifting loads. Generally all the inmates took delight in work, though some (occasionally all) malingered to avoid work. Gandhi dealtstrictly and tried to convince them regarding the importance of work, but often they would leave their work for play. Manual labour, together with good air, water and regular food habits was responsible for the health of the inmates. (100 words)

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  • Q3

    Answer sections (a), (b) and (c)


    In each the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A. Write sentence B in each case. [10]


    (0) (A) No sooner had we reached the school than the rain started.

    (B) Hardly……………………………….

    Answer: (0) Hardly had we reached the school when the rain started.

    (1) (A) If you don’t switch on to a healthy diet, you won’t recover your health.

    (B) Unless…………………………………………………………

    (2) (A) Nobody knew much about her whereabouts .

    (B) Little…………………………………………

    (3) (A) On hearing the loud thunder, the children hid under the bed

    (B) As soon as…………………………………

    (4) (A) You must never buy a medicine without a prescription.

    (B) Under no circumstances……………………

    (5) (A) Everyone loves his own country.

    (B) Who does not…………………………

    (6) (A) She said, “Can you post this letter for me?”

    (B) She requested…………………………………………

    (7) (A) He is very rich, still he is unhappy.

    (B) In spite…………………………………………

    (8) (A) She took her bag and went away.

    (B) Taking her………………………………

    (9) (A) Jennifer worked in a bank and attended classes in the evening.

    (B) Not only…………………………………………

    (10) (A) He narrated a story which was interesting.

    (B) He narrated an………………………………

    (b) Fill in each blank with a suitable word. (Do not write the sentence.) [5]

    (1) There is a beautiful flower _______ the thorns.

    (2) We used to go for jogging _______ the beach every day when we were living in Bamberg.

    (3) Let's go _______ the park and sit somewhere.

    (4) My younger sister was born _______ 2010.

    (5) It was the coldest January _______ records began.

    (6) Today the temperature is well _______ the normal.

    (7) Once she starts her job she won't stop _______ it's finished

    (8) We go for rafting _______ the summers.

    (9) The boy is lying_______ the floor.

    (10) _______ doing other things, she enjoys writing poetry during her free time.

    (c) Fill in the blanks in the passage given below with the appropriate form of the verb given in brackets. Do not write the passage, but write the verbs in the correct order. [5]

    A sprinter who (1)_________ (has) his left leg (2)_________ (cut) off in a terrible bike accident is (3)_________(hope) to win a medal in the Paralympics after (4)_________ (learn) to run again with the aid of a prosthetic limb specially (5)_________ (design) for the purpose. John Robertson was fortunate to survive afterbeing (6)_________(throw)from his bike when he (7)_________ (crash) into a gutter in December last year after being hit by a speeding car. However, as he was (8) _________ (fling)from the bike, he (9)_________ (hit) an electric postand the supporting cable(10)_________ (sever) his left leg off from just below the knee.



    1.Unless you switch on to a healthy diet, you won’t regain your health.

    2. Little was known to people about her whereabouts.

    3. As soon as they heard the loud thunder, the children hid under the bed.

    4. Under no circumstances should you buy a medicine without prescription.

    5. Who does not love his own country?

    6. She requested me to post that letter for her.

    7. In spite of his riches, he is unhappy.

    8. Taking her bag, she went away.

    9. Not only did Jennifer work in a bank but she also attended classes in the evening.

    10. He narrated an interesting story.


    1. among

    2. along

    3. into

    4. in

    5. since

    6. below

    7. until

    8. during

    9. on

    10. Besides


    1. had

    2. cut

    3. hoping

    4. learning

    5. designed

    6. thrown

    7. crashed

    8. flung

    9. hit

    10. severed

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  • Q4

    Imagine that you are the Head Boy/Head Girl of XYZ Public School. You are asked to deliver a speech on the occasion of ‘Teachers’ Day celebration’ in your school. Prepare a suitable speech for the occasion using the notes given below:

    Begin with a quote– greetings - teachers’ role in imparting education – student- teacher relationship in history – the present situation – challenges – sentiments of gratitude – formal thanks.


    Respected Principal, Teachers and my dear friends

    I remember the ancient Vedic Hymn which says ‘Guru is God’ – the meaning of which is roughly as follows:

    The Guru is Brahma, the Guru is Vishnu, the Guru is Maheswara

    The Guru is certainly the Para-Brahman;

    Salutations to that Guru

    With this prayer in my mind and on my lips I offer my humble salutations to my teachers with at most reverence on this day we celebrate the Teacher’s Day.

    Teachers are precious guides who guide the students in the vast ocean of knowledge. In all the stages of life a human being is in need of a guide. Be it in the realm of spirituality, philosophy or social life. It is not because we are not able to guide ourselves; at times there is the possibility for us to err. An experienced guide can foresee the dangers, help us choose the right path and open the right door for us.

    In the ancient Indian culture teacher student relationship was not commercialized. It was considered a sacred bond. Students lived in the house of the master, helping in his household duties and at the same time learning from the mouth of the teacher himself. The teacher considered his students as his own children. He imparted knowledge in the natural setting, emphasizing man’s relationship with the nature.

    For Aristotle, the greatest among Greek philosophers, the aim of education was to bring happiness in the lives of the students. He considered attainment of knowledge necessary for the welfare of the society as well as individual. So education was the responsibility of not only the parents but also the society (government).

    Today we live in a society where a student need not be necessarily dependent on his teacher as it was in the past. Students have various gadgets and technological innovations that help them acquire knowledge even without the explicit help from a teacher. But this does not reduce the importance of dedicated teachers. A gadget can never replace a teacher. A gadget can never give the personal touch that a teacher can while imparting knowledge. Knowledge, devoid of human touch can be dangerous at times. It can be used to destroy rather than building the society. Thus the need of a guide is imperative even in the present scenario where technology seem powerful enough to replace human potential.

    The challenge today is to reinvent the sacredness of teacher – student relationship that existed in the Vedic times in our country. We should say a strict ‘no’ to commercialization of education. Teachers should become guides in real life situations. A lot of students experience loneliness as parents are busy making money for their children. In this scenario the teachers can play a significant role in the life of every student who is at their disposal.

    I would like to extend a million thanks to my teachers who are guiding me safely in the turbulent ocean of life. They are the guiding stars in my life’s horizon. When I think of them my heart is filled with sentiments of gratitude. To our heroes who are guiding stars to millions of students everywhere in the world, my humble salutation.

    Thank you.

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