The Noun

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  • Q1

    (c) Fill in the blanks in the passage given below with the appropriate form of the verb given in brackets. Do not write the passage, but write the verbs in the correct order. [5 marks]

    One day a millionaire went to a hotel in New York and _____ (1) (ask) for the cheapest room they _____ (2) (have).

    "What _____ (3) (be) the price of the room?" he _____ (4) (ask).The manager _____ (5) (tell) him.

    "Is that the cheapest room you _____ (6) (have)? I _____ (7) (stay) by myself and only _____ (8) (need) a small room."

    The manager said, "Why do you choose a poor room like that? Your son always _____ (9) (stay) in our most expensive room."

    "Yes," said the millionaire, "but his father _____ (10) (be) a wealthy man; mine is not.


    1. asked

    2. had

    3. is

    4. asked

    5. told

    6. have

    7. stay / will stay

    8. need

    9. stays

    10. is

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  • Q2

    (b) Fill in each blank with a suitable word. (Do not write the sentence.) [5 marks]

    (1) After his parents died in a car accident, his uncle looked _____ him.

    (2) The chairman says that he will look _____ their complaints.

    (3) The soldiers laid _____ their lives defending their country.

    (4) I was laid _____ for three weeks with a broken leg.

    (5) This book runs _____ a hundred and fifty pages.

    (6) The program ran _____ six hours.

    (7) The ailing company was taken _____ by the government.

    (8) He takes ____ his grandfather.

    (9) I have appointment _____ the dentist.

    (10) The best candidate should be appointed _____ the post.


    (1) after

    (2) into

    (3) down

    (4) down

    (5) up to

    (6) for

    (7) over

    (8) after

    (9) with

    (10) to

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  • Q3

    Answer sections (a), (b) and (c).

    (a) In each of the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A. write sentence B in each case. [10 marks]


    (0) (A) The heavy showers of rains revived the plants.

    (B) The plants …………………….

    Answer: (0) The plants were revived by the heavy showers of rain.

    (1) (A) Ashita is the most beautiful girl in the class.

    (B) No ………………………….

    (2) (A) As soon as she reached home, she learnt that she had to leave for London.

    (B) Hardly …………………………

    (3) (A) Ramesh said, “Rajiv, please bring your physics book to school tomorrow.”

    (B) Ramesh …………………………

    (4) (A) Some of the cakes had been eaten by the boys before the party began.

    (B) The boys ………………………………….

    (5) (A) If you are not ready to come with me, I will not go.

    (B) Unless …………………….

    (6) (A) It is such a wonderful opportunity that we must not miss it.

    (B) It is too ……………………..

    (7) (A) We did not know that Mr. Francis was retiring and leaving for Ooty.

    (B) Little ………………….

    (8) (A) He knew the culprit, but refused to admit it.

    (B) Although………………….

    (9) (A) I am afraid you cannot get admission to the college without clearing the admission test.

    (B) I am afraid you cannot be ………………….

    (10)(A) If Rita had finished her work earlier, she would have gone to the market.

    (B) Had ………………….



    (1) No other girl in the class is as beautiful as Ashita.

    (2) Hardly had she reached home when she learned that she had to leave for London.

    (3) Ramesh requested Rajiv to bring his physics book to school the next day.

    (4) The boys had eaten some of the cakes before the party began.

    (5) Unless you are ready to come with me, I will not go.

    (6) It is too wonderful an opportunity for us to miss.

    (7) Little was known to us about Mr. Francis's retirement and leaving for Ooty.

    (8) Although he knew the culprit, he refused to admit it.

    (9) I am afraid you cannot be admitted to the college without clearing the admission test.

    (10) Had Rita finished her work earlier, she would have gone to the market.

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  • Q4

    You are the editor of your school magazine. You have recently attended a cultural programme in your city. Write an account of this programme (in approximately 300 words) using the points given below: [20 marks]

    Date and venue – occasion – Chief Guest – other invitees – inauguration – events other important features – highlights reaction of audience – conclusion


    The Annual Interschool Cultural Fest

    By Parkash Yadav

    The Annual Interschool Cultural Fest organized by the City Administration was celebrated in the City Hall on 3 January 2018. The cultural programme showcased the cultural diversity of our country. Braving the adverse weather around two hundred children from more than 20 schools in the city displayed their singing and dancing abilities. The grand show was commenced by the arrival of various teams from the schools. Dr. Rakesh Sharma, the District Collector was the Chief Guest. A colourful welcome was extended to the chief guest and the special invitees. The ceremony started with the lighting of the lamp which was followed by a prayer dance.

    The welcome speech was delivered by the Municipal Chairman. He welcomed the Chief Guest, special invitees, the participants and the audience. Special invitees included the Police Commissioner of the city, the Mayor and the principals from the participating schools. In his inaugural speech, the Chief Guest enlightened the audience on the need to preserve the cultural heritage of our country. The Mayor and the Police commissioner also addressed the audience sharing inspiring thoughts. The mesmerizing show presented by the teams of various schools included singing, dancing, skits, mono acts, etc. The programms were of the duration five to ten minutes. The audience sat glued to their seats throughout the programme. The highlight of the show was an opera performed by the students of Mount Everest Senior Secondary School, Delhi. It was based on the theme – Patriotism. There was thunderous clap after every program, but performers of the opera were given a standing ovation by the audience. The Chief Guest also praised the participants for showcasing their talents. The program was praised by the audience as well and the Municipal Chairman promised the continuation of such events in the future.

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  • Q5

    Write a composition (in approximately 450-500 words) on any one of the following subjects:[30 marks]

    (You are reminded that you will be rewarded for orderly and coherent presentation of material, use of appropriate style and general accuracy of spelling, punctuation and grammar.)

    (a) You have recently moved to a new neighbourhood in your city. Describe the new neighborhood, comparing it to the one you have just left.

    (b) Relate something unpleasant that happened to you during your during your childhood that nevertheless helped you to grow up and mature.

    (c) ‘The end justifies the means’. Argue for or against the statement.

    (d) ‘appreances can deceptive’. Give your views on this topic.

    (e) Dreams.

    (f) Write a short story that ends with the words “……… I really doubt if things could have turned out any better.”



    My dad worked with an MNC in New Delhi, with its corporate office in Dilshad Garden. We had been living in Emerald Estate, a housing project for quite a long time. My mother worked as a teacher in a school located near our housing colony. I too studied in the same school. Recently my dad joined another company which is located in New Delhi. Last month we shifted our residence to New Delhi. My mother also got a job in a new school in New Delhi and I too joined the same school.

    I love our new house and the locality. We live on the 12th floor of an apartment. It is part of a big housing project which houses more than five hundred families. There are seven high-rise buildings. The housing project has ample area to play. The main gate is guarded by security staff. I think the housing society has more than five acres of open area. It has three swimming pools, one gymnasium, one club, jogging tracks, cycling tracks, a cricket pitch, and basketball and volleyball courts.

    Our previous housing colony was very congested. It hardly had any open areas to play. We never had the luxury of swimming in a pool every day. The lanes were very narrow and people used to park their vehicles in front of their houses. There was no parking area. Electric wires were hanging everywhere.

    The new housing project has a dedicated underground parking area. The lanes are broad. We have a beautiful park where kids play in the evenings and elderly people sit and chat. Life was suffocating in the old residence as we had no place to play, sit and chat or walk around.

    The locality was not hygienic in Dilshad Garden. People used to throw waste materials on to the road. The new locality is very clean. There are dedicated dust bins for depositing waste. Nobody litters the streets.

    In the previous residence, the school was at a distance of less than a kilometer. Now we travel on the school bus. School is at a distance of five kilometers from the house. It takes almost half an hour to reach the school.

    Our new locality has a modern hospital at a distance of less than five hundred meters from the housing society. We have a big shopping mall nearby. On weekends we watch movies. It is very convenient for us to go for shopping. Everything is available at the mall.

    There is a temple inside the housing society itself. Every evening I go to the temple to pray. On the whole we are very happy in our new residence. Even though I don’t hate our old residence, I never liked the congested and dirty streets. Dad’s new job was a blessing in disguise.


    I was the only son of my parents. I thought myself lucky as my Dad and Mom loved me very much. I was pampered by both not only as a child but even as an adolescent. I was dependent on them for everything.

    I never did anything on my own. At six o clock every morning mom used to wake me. But I used to snuggle under the blanket for another five to ten minutes. I used to get up from bed only when she pulled my blanket away. Dadused to help me get ready for school. Meanwhile Mom used to cook breakfast for my Dad and me, arrange the tiffin boxes, water bottles and my school bag. It was my mom’s duty to take me to school and bring me back after the school hours.

    A horrible tragedy had befallen our family when I was studying in class six. My mom was complaining of back pain and headaches. We took her to a hospital. Several medical examinations were conducted. The results shattered our life. My mother was suffering from kidney failure. Suddenly our happy family turned into a place of gloom. Dad was heartbroken. He couldn’t manage the household chores as he had to leave for work early and came back late. He was the sole breadwinner of our family. Mom was admitted in hospital. My grandfather and grandmother were of great help. After a few months of treatment her condition deteriorated and she left us all and went to her eternal abode.

    Dad didn’t know what to do. I too couldn’t recover from the shock. Dad was not able to manage home and work. I realised that it is time I grew up from a pampered child and shoulder the responsibility of my family. I realised that I should learn to look after myself and my family. It was my duty to help my father to do the household chores. It was a situation that compelled me to grow up.

    There was nobody to wake me in the morning. I started waking up early and got ready myself. I brushed, bathed, and got ready myself. I started helping my dad to cook. I learned to cook many dishes. I learned to go to school and come back myself. Soon after coming back I did all my homework alone. I then cooked the dinner and waited for dad to return from work. I wondered at the speed with which I became a matured person.

    It used to be very difficult for me to do the homework alone. Mom used to sit with me and dictated almost everything. She was a great help in my studies. Dad never had time to help me with my studies. Now I do everything myself and my performance has improved a lot.

    Mom’s memories are always with us. I feel she blesses us from her heavenly abode. She gives us strength. I also learned to console those who are distressed. Mom’s sudden death was the greatest heartbreak in my life but it made me a strong person.


    People always justify their actions saying they do them with good intention. It is true that medical procedures are often painful. But people willingly undergo whatever the doctors suggest – be it surgery, amputation, chemotherapy or any other painful treatment. It is because even though they have to undergo suffering, they hope for a good result.

    People are ready to sacrifice everythingin order to gain something beneficial in the future. We have heard of the tragic stories of Syrian refugees trying to migrate to US and European countries. Many were drowned in the sea. Many were gunned down by the security forces and many were sent back. They were ready to undertake anything in order to reach the land of their dreams. In all these cases the saying, ‘the end justifies the means’, seems to be right.

    But it is my firm belief that the saying, ‘the end justifies the means’, is not always correct. This cannot be applied to everything and every situation. I can put forward any number of examples.

    Take the case of the erstwhile Soviet Union, a great nation founded on the principles of communism. Communism is a good principle in theory. It envisages justice to all. The resources are equally divided to all the citizens. All the citizens contribute to the state according to their capacity. Lenin used armed rebellion to establish the Republic of Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin used his iron fist to control the state. They killed hundreds of thousands of people to establish an equalitarian society. Those who were opposed to the idea were eliminated. Several communist countries of the world followed the same course of action. Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991. Decades of communist rule turned the Soviet Union into a poor nation. That was the fate of many other communist countries.

    Maoists in different parts of the world are up in arms against the ruling governments. They say that they are fighting the system against unjust practices. I can never agree with this argument. I strongly feel that both the end (goal) and the means (the ways to achieve the goal) should be fair. End can never, ever justify the means.

    Getting a good score in examinations is a good thing. But cheating in the exams to get a good score is not. Fighting for justice is a good thing but killing people in order to establish a just society is not a good thing. Winning a gold medal in Olympics is the dream of all the participants, but taking drugs to boost one’s stamina is not ethical. Even if one gets gold medal using unfair means, his or her achievement lacks the luster of truth.

    Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. have shown the world how to fight evil with good. Freeing the country from British rule was the noblest goal of Mahatma Gandhi, but he chose the path of nonviolence to attain the freedom of our country. He neither injured not killed anybody during the freedom struggle. He took upon himself all the sufferings. Following his footsteps several world leaders like Nelson Mandela in South Africa and Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar embraced the path of nonviolence to achieve noble goals.

    Thus it is very evident that we should use fair means to achieve noble goals. Using unfair means to achieve noble goals can never be justified.


    There is a proverb saying, 'first impression is the best impression. People judge others as soon as they see their outward appearance. The other person forms an opinion based on your dress, mannerisms, language, etc. It is interesting to note that it takes merely three to four seconds to form an opinion on a person based on their outward appearance. It is true that appearances are very important in today's society. Today, the physical, intellectual and virtuous appeal of a leader is created by the media. People may not be aware of his/her real self.

    There is a proverb in English – all that glitters is not gold. I feel that this proverb carries a lot of weight. I think of an incident that happened in my life.

    When my father was transferred to a new place, our family too shifted to the new location. I joined a new school. I didn’t have any friends. One of my classmates came to me, introduced me to other students and took me around. We became great friends. He was very polite to me. I trusted him and shared all my personal matters with him. After some time some other friends told me that some people are spreading rumors about me. I was certain that I have never disclosed my personal matters to anyone else but to my close friend.

    I believed that my friend would never disclose my personal matters to anyone else. But, I felt cheated when he broke my trust. I learned a lesson on that day that I can’t trust every one.

    Sometimes we feel that someone is good merely by looking at his/her outward appearance and manners. People may seem to be very polite and gentle outwardly but crooked and cruel inwardly. Some people act as if they are loving and innocent but they may be ‘wolves in sheep’s skin’.

    It is said that the surface of deep water rivers and oceans are relatively calm, but may hide deceitful whirlpools and dangerous animals within. We can never judge a person by his/her appearance. A person who is cruel-looking may be very gentle and humble. Some people have a cruel face, but they are innocent. Some others may have the face of an angel, but they are devils in disguise. Innocent people fall prey to these so called good people.

    Humanity is plagued with prejudice, discrimination, racism, etc. A person need not be bad because she/he belongs to a certain race or religion. We should not believe or disbelieve people based on any of these things. A person's character is revealed through his/her actions. Actions speak louder than words. We should not treat people based on their outward appearances because appearances can be deceptive.


    I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.”

    I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

    I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

    I have a dream today.

    The lines given above are taken from the historical speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963 in Washington.

    What are dreams? Are dreams a phenomena that occurs only when a person sleeps?

    All of us see dreams when we sleep. Some people are accused of dreaming even while they are awake. Day dreaming is considered as an indication of laziness. In ancient times dreams were considered as the messages of gods, a signal informing us of something that will take place in the future. Some people used to interpret their dreams. The book of Genesis in the Bible narrates the story of Joseph interpreting the dreams of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt.

    The dream which Martin Luther King Jr. describes in his famous speech does not belong to any of these categories. It is not a dream in the normal sense. It is a dream that all of us should strive to cultivate in life.

    Great leaders cultivated the habit of dreaming something great. Their dream was their vision, vision for a better future, social transformation, eradication of poverty and injustice, better life style and prosperity.

    At a time when the black people were discriminated in America, Martin Luther King Jr. dreamt of a society where the blacks and whites lived as brothers and sisters. The social and cultural atmosphere at that time was adverse for the blacks but he was very optimistic. When slavery was prevalent in America, Abraham Lincoln dreamed of a nation where no one was a slave of another. When racial discrimination was rampant in South Africa, Nelson Mandela saw a dream that put an end to Apartheid. When Indians were treated as slaves by the ruling British Empire, Mahatma Gandhi dreamed of a free India. He also dreamed of a nation where every Indian lived with dignity.

    Social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda, Swami DayanandaSaraswati, Dr. BhimraoRamjiAmbedkar and Mother Teresa were all dreamers in this sense. All of them dreamed of a better future for their brethren who were less privileged. It was their vision that brought about great changes in the society.

    We should also cultivate the habit of dreaming for a better future not only for us but also for the under privileged people of our society. We should not be cowered down by the adverse conditions before us. There is nothing that is impossible. Only optimists can see the materialization of their dreams.


    It was a Saturday night. I was alone at home as dad and mom had gone to attend a wedding in the city.

    “Go to bed early, don’t wait for us. We don’t know at what time we’ll be back. We’ll ring the doorbell when we’re back. Don’t forget to lock the doors safely,” mom said before leaving.

    I took dinner at 9 PM, watched TV for some time and went to bed around 10. Before going to bed I made sure that all the doors and windows were closed. I don’t remember when I fell asleep, but woke up after a while hearing some noise inside the house. My room was on the first floor. I noticed that the noise was coming from my parents’ room.

    ‘Have they reached so early; if so how did they get inside?” I wondered. I didn’t hear the doorbell. Suddenly something was knocked down in the room and there was complete silence after that.

    “If dad and mom are back, there should be light in their room,” I thought. “They would have definitelywakened me.”

    Suddenly I knew a cold fear growing inside me. I realised that the noise was not made by dad and mom. They are not back from the wedding; but I am not alone at home. There is someone in my parents’ room.

    I got up from bed, opened the door and tip-toed to my parents’ bed room. The door was slightly open. It was pitch dark inside but, suddenly a light flashed from a small torch and I saw someone trying to open the locker inside the room.

    I didn’t know what to do. Should I shout aloud? Should I call the police or phone my parents? Nobody was there to help me. I was alone at home and the nearest house is at a distance of few meters. What will happen if I shout and if the thief is armed? Will he not try to harm me? I should do something to save the money and valuables and at the same time protect myself from being attacked.

    “If the thief is unarmed and gets hurt I may be able to overpower him; but, what should I do?” I thought.

    I remembered that there is a five liter jar full of cooking oil in the kitchen. The thief was on the first floor. If I poured the oil on the stairs and managed to terrify him, he might slip down the floor and get hurt.

    Quietly I went into the kitchen and carried the oil jar upstairs. Carefully I poured oil on the stairs and went to my room. I had a home theatre in my room. Quickly I downloaded the voice clip of a police siren. Switched on the home theatre, turned the volume to the highest and played the audio clip.

    “Bweepbipbipbweep........ bweepbipbipbweep….. bweepbipbipbweep…,” blared the siren from my room.

    As I expected I heard sudden noise from my parents’ room. The door was flung open and someone rushed towards the stairs.

    ‘Shuuuuuuush,’ he slipped down the stairs.

    I rushed behind him to catch him and tie him up, but I forgot that the stairs are oiled.

    ‘Shuuuuuuush,’ I too slipped down.

    Within seconds I landed on a man writhing in pain. My body was hurt in many places. But I had only one thing in mind. I should overpower him and tie him up. I didn’t have to struggle much. The man had broken his leg and surrendered without much resistance. I tied him up with a rope.

    Soon the neighbours were knocking on the front door. When dad and mom came back, they were surprised to see their brave son smeared with oil and a man lying on the floor tied up with a rope. They scolded me for getting hurt, but I really doubt if things could have turned out any better.

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