Features of Population Composition

  • Population is defined as a group of individuals of the same species, occupying a particular space at a particular time. The distribution of world population is uneven. People not only around the world, but also of a particular place are diverse in many respects. They can be distinguished by their age, sex, place of residence, occupation, education and life expectancy. Description of population defined by these traits is called population composition. The composition of population is a part of social environment.
  • Rural urban composition is the classification of population based on their residence, which can be classified into rural and urban. In rural areas, majority of people are engaged in primary activities while in urban areas, majority of people are engaged in non-primary activities.
  • Sex composition is an important demographic characteristic. It is generally expressed as the ratio of males to females in a population. Sex ratio is the ratio between the number of men and women in the population. It is also, referred to as the number of males per thousand females.
  • Age composition represents the number of people of different age groups. It is an important indicator of population composition. Age-sex structure refers to the number of males and females in different age groups. The population pyramid shows the age-sex structure of the population.
  • According to the population commission of the United Nations, the ability to both read and write with understanding in any language, is defined as literacy. Literate population is an important composition of a country. Occupational structure is the working population in the age group of 15 to 59 years. On the basis of the economic status, the composition of working population is made up of:
  1. Main workers: A person who works for at least 183 days in a year.
  2. Marginal worker: A person who works for less than 183 days in a year.
  3. Non-worker: A person who is looking for a job and is currently not working.
  • The occupational composition includes various sectors. These are:
    1. Primary activities
    2. Secondary activities
    3. Tertiary activities, and
    4. Quaternary activities

 

  • China has a larger population than India, yet China’s demographic attributes are in a better position. This is because the population composition of China is more favourable as compared to the Indian population composition.

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  • Q1

    Why is a population in urban areas growing fast?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Population in urban areas is increasing very fast due to large scale migration of people from rural areas in search of jobs and better living conditions.

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  • Q2

    Define the term participation rate.

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    Answer:

    Participation rate refers to the proportion of workers in a population. It represents the proportion of workers, main workers plus marginal workers in the total population, expressed in percentage.

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  • Q3

    Which state has the highest percentage of rural population in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    According to 2011 census Himachal Pradesh has the highest percentage of rural population, where 89.7% population lives in rural areas.

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  • Q4

    What do you mean by Population Composition?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Population composition is a field of study within population geography with a vast coverage of analysis of age, sex, place of residence, language, ethnic characteristics, religion, marital status, literacy and occupational structure.

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  • Q5

    Define the limits of young, adult and old age group.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Based on age, the Population of India is categorised into:
    a. Young Population – Population below 15 years of age.
    b. Adult Population-Population between 15 to 59 years of age.
    c. Old Population-Population more than 60 years of age.

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