Agro Based Industry

  • There are many industries, which use raw materials produced in the agricultural sector. These types of industries are known as agro-based industries. Two main types of agro-based industries are:
  1. Sugar Industries, and
  2. Textile Industries
  • Sugar can be produced from any crop, which has sugar content, like sugar beet and sugarcane. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India. India is the world’s second largest producer of sugarcane and sugar. India accounts for one-fourth of the world’s sugarcane and 8% of sugar.
  • Sugarcane industries are localised industries. They are established in the areas of sugarcane cultivation because:
  1. Sugarcane is a perishable crop.
  2. Sucrose content gets reduced, if it is stored for a long time.
  3. The production cost gets increased, if it is transported for a long distance.

 

  • As we know, North India experiences sub-tropical climate. Here, the land does not give much yield of sugarcane per hectare. Moreover, sugarcane grown here has less sucrose content. Southern parts of India experience tropical climate, which gives higher yield per hectare. Sugarcane grown here has higher sucrose content.
  • There are many problems faced by sugarcane industries. Major among them are:
  1. Low yield of sugarcane
  2. Short crushing season
  3. Irregular production
  4. Low rate of recovery
  5. High production cost
  6. Small size of mills
  7. Outdated machinery
  8. Uneven distribution
  9. Low per capita consumption, and
  10. Struggling with Khandsari and Gur
  • Cotton textile industry is the largest industry in India. 16% of the industrial capital and 20% of the industrial labour are involved in it. India is the third largest producer of cotton textile in the world.
  • The main factors that influence the location of a textile industry are:
  1. Raw material
  2. Climate
  3. Chemical for dying
  4. Market
  5. Cheap labour
  6. Transportation
  7. Banking, and
  8. Power
  • Cotton cloth is produced in three different sectors. They are:
  1. Mills
  2. Power looms, and
  3. Handlooms
  • Readymade garment industry is a labour intensive industry and mainly depends on skilled labour. It is a footloose industry. Hence, it is established in almost all parts of the country.

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  • Q1

    Give any three differences between North Indian sugar industries and South Indian sugar industries?

    Marks:3
    Answer:

    North Indian Sugar Industries:

    i. The crushing season is of four months from November to February.

    ii. Mills are managed by public and private owners.

    iii. Most of the mills are outdated with old equipment.

    South Indian Sugar Industries:

    i. The crushing season is of nearly 7-8 months from October to May-June.

    ii. Mills are managed by co-operatives.
    iii. Most of the mills are equipped with modern machinery.

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  • Q2

    Why are sugar industries established in the areas of sugarcane cultivation? Give any three reasons.

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Sugarcane industries are localised industries. They are established in the areas of sugarcane cultivation because:

    • Sugarcane is a perishable crop.
    • Sucrose content gets reduced, if it is stored for a long time.
    • The production cost gets increased, if it is transported for a long distance.

    View Answer
  • Q3

    Name any two crops from which sugar is produced?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Sugar can be produced from any crop, which has sugar content, like sugar beet and sugarcane.

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  • Q4

    Give any two examples of agro-based industries?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Some of the examples of agro-based industries are:

    • Textile Industries , and
    • Sugar Industries

    View Answer
  • Q5

    Which types of industries are known as agro-based industries?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The industries, which use agricultural products as raw materials are known as agro-based industries.

    View Answer