Mineral Based Industry

  • Heavy industries, using minerals as the basic raw material, are known as mineral-based industries.  Iron and Steel industry forms the backbone for the industrial development of a country. Almost all industrial sectors depend on this industry. Iron and Steel industry is also known as ‘Key Industry’. It is a raw material oriented industry. The raw materials required in iron and steel industry are iron ore, coking coal, limestone, manganese, dolomite, and fire clay.
  • The major iron and steel industries of the country are:
  1. Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO)
  2. Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO)
  3. The Visvesvarayya Iron and Steel Ltd.
  4. And the steel Plants at Bhilai, Rourkela, Durgapur and Bokaro.
  • Aluminum smelting is the second most important metallurgical industry of India. Aluminium is elastic, flexible, light-weight and good conductor of heat and electricity. It is widely used in distribution of electricity, manufacturing of aeroplane, bus bodies, household utensils, coins, etc.
  • Major public sector aluminium companies in India are:
  1. India Aluminium Company (INDAL)
  2. Hindustan Aluminium Corporation (HINDALCO)
  3. Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. (BALCO)
  4. National Aluminium Company Ltd. (NALCO)
  • Cement industry is one of the important industries of India. It plays an important role in the structural infrastructure development and in the overall economic growth. Abundant supply of good quality limestone is available in this region. Cement industry is also a very important infrastructure core company. Limestone is the main raw material used in cement industry. The factors governing the location of cement industry are:
  1. Availability of raw material
  2. Bulk transport, and
  3. Availability of market
  • Cement industry is mainly concentrated along the Vindhayan ranges, running from eastern Rajasthan to Jharkhand, where abundant supply of limestone is available. The main states having a concentration of cement industry are Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.

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  • Q1

    How is the location of Visakhapatnam different from the location of other iron and steel plants?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All the other iron and steel plants are located near the area of the raw material except Visakhapatnam, which is in a coastal location.

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  • Q2

    What do you mean by ‘mineral-based industries’?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Heavy industries using minerals as the basic raw material are known as ‘mineral-based industries’.

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  • Q3

    Why cement industry is regarded an important industry in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Cement is indispensable for construction work and building, which is why it is, regarded as an important industry.

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  • Q4

    How can you say that aluminium industry is an old industry in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Aluminium industry is an old industry in India as manufacturing of aluminium started in 1886 AD.

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  • Q5

    Which is the oldest iron and steel company of India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) is the oldest iron and steel company of India.

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