Tourism Industry

  • We can define tourism in simple words as, “the temporary movement of people to destinations other than their place of residence or work.” The industry that is engaged in providing services and facilities to those who travel is known as tourism industry.
  • The main purposes of tourism are entertainment, to gain knowledge, to share the culture, and business.
  • The socio-economic benefits of tourism are, it:
    1. Promotes national integration
    2. Increases international understanding
    3. Supports infrastructural development
    4. Augments foreign exchange and employment
    5. Encourages preservation of monuments, and
    6. Supports handicraft and cultural activities
  • Tourism can broadly be divided into international tourism and domestic tourism. On the basis of purpose, international tourism can be divided into common interest tourism, holiday tourism and business tourism.
  • The various components of the tourism industry are:
    1. Attraction
    2. Accommodation and catering
    3. Transportation
    4. Travel Agents, and
    5. Tourist information and guiding services
  • The major types of tourism in India are:
    1. Heritage Tourism
    2. Eco Tourism
    3. Adventure Tourism
    4. Business Tourism
    5. Medical Tourism, and
    6. Cultural Tourism
  • Domestic tourism is an important segment of the tourism industry. It has flourished considerably in the last few decades. It fosters a sense of unity amongst us.
  • Tourism industry has vast employment potential. It can provide employment to both educated and uneducated. Hotel sector is a key segment of tourism industry. It is placed in the category of priority industry in the industrial policy.
  • Tourist destinations are distributed throughout the country. The famous tourist places include:
    1. Places of archeological and historical importance
    2. Pilgrimage centres
    3. Sanctuaries and national parks
    4. Hill resorts
    5. Sea beaches, etc.
  • The main problems of tourism in India are:
    1. Sluggish infrastructural growth
    2. Political unrest
    3. Fear of violence
    4. Lack of policy integration and co-ordination
    5. Lack of long-term investor-friendly policies
    6. Lack of hygiene
    7. Low utilisation of modern marketing and publicity tools
    8. Lack of community participation and awareness of benefits
    9. Lack of involvement of the rural sector
    10. Lack of concern for sustainability, etc.
  • There are many steps taken by the Government of India for the development of tourism in India.

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  • Q1

    Indian tourism promotes


    national integration.

    Tourism not only promotes national integration, it also provides support to local handicrafts and cultural pursuits. It also helps in the development of international understanding about our culture and heritage.
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  • Q2

    World has become a global village due to:      


    Transport and communication

    Transport and communication serve as life line of our nation.
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  • Q3

    When did the organised tourism begin in India?


    The organised tourism in India began in 1950s with the genesis of planned development.

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  • Q4

    Where does the root of tourism in India lie?


    The root of tourism in India lies in pilgrimage.

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  • Q5

    Where is the famous Aurobindo Ashram located?


    The famous Aurobindo Ashram is located in Puducherry.

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