Regional Case Study: Bengaluru

  • Bengaluru is the capital of the Karnataka state. It is the second fastest growing major metropolis in India. It is located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. It is situated at a height of 949 metres above the sea level.
  • Bengaluru experiences dry tropical savanna climate. The weather is neither too humid nor too dry. Due to its high elevation, Bengaluru usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year. The warmest month is April and the coldest month is January. The average annual rainfall in Bengaluru is 859 mm.
  • Bengaluru is the third most populous city in India and ranks eighteenth in the world.
  • Bengaluru’s 523 billion economy makes it one of the major economic centres in India. Economic growth of Bengaluru is 10.3%. The per capita income of Bengaluru is ` 9,200, which is highest in India.
  • Bengaluru is the most preferred location for the development of electronics and IT industries. It is also known as the ‘Electronic capital of India’. A wide range of electronic products is manufactured in the city. It includes TV, mobiles, computer parts, micro cards and varied equipment for defence, railway and aviation departments. In India, Bengaluru is a major supplier of computer parts.
  • Bengaluru is known as a hub for India’s information technology sector. It is also known as the ‘silicon valley’ of India. The name signifies Bengaluru's position as a centre for information technology companies in India and is a relative reference to the original Silicon Valley; based around Santa Clara Valley, California–a major hub for IT companies in the United States. The IT revolution of India started from Bengaluru.
  • Bengaluru is well connected by road, rail and air. This well-developed transport system of Bengaluru contributes in the industrial development.

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  • Q1

    Name some IT companies located in Bengaluru.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Many IT companies like Infosys, Wipro, SAP, Oracle, Dell, Huawei, Accenture, Intel, Cisco, Nokia, BPL, Sanyo, PSI Data, Target, Synergy, etc. have their offices in Bengaluru.

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  • Q2

    Which industrial sectors are growing in Bengaluru?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Bengaluru is the most preferred location for the development of electronics and IT industries. Other major industrial sectors in Bengaluru are aviation, space technology and biotechnology.

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  • Q3

    What was the population and literacy rate of Bengaluru according to 2011 census?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    According to 2011 census, the population of Bengaluru was 8,425,970 and literacy rate was 89%.

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  • Q4

    Where is Bengaluru located?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Bengaluru is located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the capital of Karnataka. It is situated at a height of 949 metres above the sea level.

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  • Q5

    Why Bengaluru is known as the Silicon Valley of India?

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Bengaluru is known as the ‘silicon valley’ of India due to the following reasons:
    IT revolution of India started from Bengaluru.
    It is a hub for India’s information technology sector.
    The name signifies Bengaluru's position as a centre for information technology companies in India and is a relative reference to the original Silicon Valley; based around Santa Clara Valley, California–a major hub for IT companies in the United States.

    View Answer