Regional Case Study: Chhattisgarh and Haldia

  • Chhattisgarh is the 26th state of the Indian Union. It was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1st November, 2000. The total area of Chhattisgarh is 1,36,034 sq km and the total population is 2.55 crore according to the Census of 2011. Chhattisgarh is rich in mineral resources. It is the major producer of iron-ore, dolomite, limestone, coal and bauxite.
  • Chhattisgarh has 17.4% of the total deposits of coal found in India. The highest concentration of coal is found in Sarguja and Koriya districts in the northern part of state. Bailadila has 14 iron-ore deposits in a 48 km long range. With 1,422 million tonnes of reserves, Bailadila mine is the largest mechanised mine in Asia.
  • Chhattisgarh’s bauxite reserves are estimated to be at 150 million tonnes. Some of the important bauxite deposits are located in the Maikal range in Bilaspur and Durg districts, the Amarkantak plateau regions of Surguja, Raigarh and Bilaspur districts.
  • Chhattisgarh produced 27% of India’s dolomite production in 2012-13. Some of the important deposits of dolomite are located in Dhuma-Belpan in Bilaspur district, Kumli-Tiriya in Bastar district, Kowda-Mohbhatta in Durg district.
  • Silk is a strong, soft and lustrous fibre. It is obtained from the silkworms. Most of the silk comes from Sarguja, Bilaspur and Bastar districts.
  • Farming employs about 80% of the workforce in Chhattisgarh. About 35% of the state’s geographical area is under crops. The net sown area is 4.8 million hectares. Chhattisgarh is known as ‘Rice Bowl of India’. The state produces nearly 6% of India’s rice. Bastar, Durg, Raigarh, Sarguja, Dantewada, Bilaspur and Rajnandgaon are the main rice producing areas.
  • Haldia is a major seaport and industrial belt, which has been developed to release congestion at Kolkata port. It is located in East Medinipur district of West Bengal and is near the mouth of Hooghly River. It lies at 22.03° N latitude and 88.06° E longitude.
  • Haldia Township houses many Public Sector Units. The prominent ones are:
    1. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.
    2. Dredging Corporation of India Ltd., and
    3. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd.
  • Besides Public Sector Units, many private companies like Exide, Mitsubishi Chemicals, etc., are present here.
  • The port was commissioned in 1977 as a deep water modern dock system. Its annual capacity is 40 million tonnes. It is an all-weather port and is spread over 6,367 acres of land. The hinterland of Haldia port covers almost the whole of eastern and north-eastern parts of the country.

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  • Q1

    Which state is known as ‘rice bowl of central India’?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Chhattisgarh state is known as ‘rice bowl of central India’. Rice cultivation covers about 77% of the net sown area of the state.

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  • Q2

    Define ‘sericulture’.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The raising of silkworms for the production of silk is called ‘sericulture’.

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  • Q3

    Name the major iron-ore producing areas of Chhattisgarh.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Bailadila range in Bastar district and Dalli-Rajhara range in Durg district are important iron-ore producing areas of Chhattisgarh.

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  • Q4

    Which mineral occurs only in Chhattisgarh?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Chhattisgarh is the only state of India to have tin-ore reserves.

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  • Q5

    When was Chhattisgarh formed?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1st November, 2000.

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