Relief Features of Southern India

  • India is a country with vast geographical extent. It has a great variety of physical features; ranging from deep valleys to lofty mountains and dry deserts to moist coastal plains. We’ll know about the relief features of southern India here.
  • Relief features of southern India include the peninsular plateau and the coastal plains of India.
  • The peninsular plateau lies between the northern plains in the north, coastal plains in the south, Aravali hills in the west and the Chhota Nagpur plateau in the east. The total area of the plateau is 7,05,000 sq km. It is made up of hard, crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. It was formed after the breaking of the Gondwanaland from Pangaea. The important rivers of peninsular plateau are Narmada, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery. The peninsular plateau has economic importance because it is rich in mineral resources.
  • The Narmada River divides the plateau in two parts:
  1. The Malwa Plateau, and
  2. The Deccan Plateau

 

  • The Malwa plateau is bounded by:
  1. The Vindhya Range in the south
  2. The Aravali Range in the west, and
  3. The Chhota Nagpur Plateau in the east
  • The Deccan plateau is bordered by:
  1. The Satpura Range in the north
  2. The Western Ghats in the west, and
  3. The Eastern Ghats in the east
  • The extent of Western Ghats is from the mouth of the Tapi River in the north to Kanyakumari in the south. The average height of the Western Ghats is around 1200 m.
  • The extent of Eastern Ghats is from Mahanadi valley in the north to Nilgiri Hills in the south. The average height of the Eastern Ghats is 450 m.
  • The coastal plains extend on both western and eastern sides of the peninsular plateau from the Kachchh in Gujarat in the west to the Gangetic delta in the east. The total length of coastal plains is 6,100 km. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea in west, and the Bay of Bengal in east. The western coastal plains lie between Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The eastern coastal plains lie between Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.

To Access the full content, Please Purchase

  • Q1

    Define the Northern circars.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The northern circars is a subdivision of the eastern coastal plain, which includes deltas of the Mahanadi and the Godavari.

    View Answer
  • Q2

    Name the major rivers of the Malwa Plateau.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The major rivers of the Malwa Plateau are the Chambal, the Betwa, the Ken, the Son and the Damodar.

    View Answer
  • Q3

    Which river divides the Peninsular Plateau?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The Narmada River divides the Peninsular Plateau into Malwa Plateau and Deccan Plateau.

    View Answer
  • Q4

    Name the longest river of the Peninsular Plateau.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The Godavari (1465 km) is the longest river of the Peninsular Plateau.

    View Answer
  • Q5

    Name the highest peak of the Western Ghats.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Annaimudi (2695m) is the highest peak of the Western Ghats.

    View Answer