• India is a vast country stretching from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south, and Kandla in the west to Kohima in the east. India also has a great diversity in economic, social, cultural, and ethnic structure. A well-knit transport system is required to bring about unity in diversity in the Indian fabric. This requirement is fulfilled by the Indian Railways, which caters to all people across the length and breadth of the country.
• Our railway system is the main artery of inland transport. Indian railways virtually form the life-line of our country. Railways provide large scale movement of freight and passengers. It promotes national integration and contributes to economic and social development of the country. Indian Railways is the largest in Asia, and fourth largest in the world. As on 31st March 2012, Indian Railways had:
a. Network of 7,146 stations
b. Spread over a route length of 64,600 km
c. Fleet of 9,549 locomotives
d. 46,688 passenger service vehicles
e. 6,560 other coach vehicles, and
f. 2,39,321 wagons
• The Indian Railways follows three types of gauges. These are:
a. Broad Gauge
b. Metre Gauge, and
c. Narrow Gauge
• The distance between rails is 1,676 millimetre in broad gauge. The total track length of broad gauge in India is 1,05,000 kilometres.
• The distance between rails is one metre or 1000 millimetre in metre gauge. The total track length in metre gauge is 8000 kilometres.
• The distance between rails is 762 millimetre in narrow gauge. The total track length is 2000 kilometres.
• For better management, Indian Railways have been divided into sixteen zones, which are spread over all the parts of India.
• Konkan Railway has been made operational since 26th January, 1998. It was the most ambitious and difficult railway undertaken since independence. It joins Roha in Maharashtra to Mangaluru in Karnataka. 73 tunnels are found on this route. India’s longest railway tunnel, 6.5 kilometres long, falls in this route.
In which city of India are the tram services still operational?Marks:1
Tram services are still operational in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Where in India are the electric locomotives manufactured?Marks:1
Electric locomotives are manufactured at Chittaranjan Locomotive Works in Chittaranjan, West Bengal.
Into how many zones is the Indian Railway divided?Marks:1
For the sake of convenience in management, Indian Railways has been divided into sixteen zones.
How many types of trains are run for passengers in India?Marks:1
There are five types of trains run for passenger traffic by Indian Railways. They are based on their speed and comfort levels.
What is the position of India in terms of railway network?Marks:1
India has the fourth largest railway network in the world with a rail length of 64,460 km.