Constitution: Meaning and Kinds
• A constitution is a set of fundamental principles according to which a state is governed. It is the basic design of the organisation and power of the government.
• Constitution is the collective name of all the constitutional laws of the state.
• Constitution protects people of the state from authoritarian and dictatorial behaviour of the government. Constitution expresses the fundamental, political and national identity of the people.
• A written constitution is a formal document defining the nature of constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form.
• A written constitution provides stability and efficiency in the working of the government. Unwritten constitution is the one which is neither drafted nor enacted by a Constituent Assembly.
• It is a product of slow and gradual evolution.Such a constitution is drawn from several sources such as historical documents, legislative statutes, judicial decisions, scientific commentaries and conventions.
• Rigid constitution is the one that cannot be easily amended. It is immune to statutory encroachments and easy amendments.
• A flexible constitution is the one in which the procedure of amending is simple and the changes in the constitution can be made easily. It is helpful in meeting emergencies as it can be easily amended.
• Evolved constitution is the one which is not made at any time by any assembly or institution. It is the result of a slow and gradual process of evolution.
• Enacted constitution is a constitution which is made, enacted and adopted by an assembly or a council.
Which body is responsible for the framing of written constitution?Marks:1
Constituent assembly or a council
A written constitution is written and enacted constitution. It is made by a constituent assembly or a council or convention of the people acting through their representatives.
An unwritten constitution is the result of:Marks:1
An unwritten constitution is the result of slow and gradual process of constitutional evolution. It is the result of a growth. It lives in several charters, states and judicial decisions. It is not made by any institution or council.
Which of the following is the quality of a good constitution?Marks:1
All of the above
Rule of law and supremacy of constitution, Decentralisation of powers, Independent and powerful Judiciary, Machinery of the conduct of free and fair elections are considered essential for a good or ideal constitution.
Indian constitution belongs to which of the following category?Marks:1
Partly rigid and partly flexible
The constitution of India is partly rigid and partly flexible. In practice it has worked mostly as a flexible constitution (101 amendments in 68 years).
Constitution must grant power to interpret, protect and defend the constitution to:Marks:1
The constitution must empower the judiciary with the power to interpret, protect and defend the constitution and the fundamental rights and freedoms of the people against the possible legislative and executive excesses.