Communalism

  • Communalism can be understood as a strong allegiance to one’s ethnic community rather than society. Communalism today is rejected because it is totalitarian in nature.
  • Community based violence has been prevalent in India since its pre-independence days. Its most devastating form was seen during India’s partition.
  • The architects of Indian constitution adopted the policy of secularism to strengthen the fabric of Indian unity. The constitution guaranteed right to religious freedom to all and refrained from adopting any religion as state religion.
  • Religion plays a very important role in Indian politics. There is need to keep religion separate from politics. Concrete steps should be taken to prevent the use of religious places from preaching communalism.
  • The causes of Communalism in India are colonial legacy, communalization of history, communal ideas of Indian leaders, communal parties and groups, religious orthodoxy, communalism as a means of securing political power, religious fanaticism, social causes, and compulsions of electoral politics, poverty and underdevelopment.
  • Orthodoxy prevails in all religions of India. Orthodoxy hinders growth and curtails the freedom of individuals. Religious fanaticism in India has gained a fundamental character lately.
  • Communalism is a state of mind. This evil can be treated through a well designed system of education. Proper socialisation of children should be the responsibility of families, schools, colleges and communities.
  • This will help them adopt and believe in the idea of secularism. Mass media is the strongest tool that can be used against communalism.Political parties should be prevented from politicising communal riots.

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  • Q1

    Which among the following provision is not guaranteed by Indian constitution?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    State Religion

    Explanation:

    Indian constitution adopted the objectives of justice, secularism and equality of all the people and refrained from adopting any religion as state religion.

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  • Q2

    Which among the following is the cause of communalism in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All the above

    Explanation:

    The communal thinking of various historians has hampered smooth relations between different communities. Due to religious fanaticism religious tolerance has dropped down to zero. The poverty and socio-economic under development has been breeding communalism.

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  • Q3

    To curb the menace of communalism state should be kept separate from…

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Religion

    Explanation:

    Indian constitution guaranteed right to religious freedom to all and refrained from adopting any religion as state religion. Communalism can be curbed by keeping the ‘Religion’ and ‘State’ separate.

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  • Q4

    What kind of compulsions have been giving a communal colour to Indian electoral politics?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Coalition politics

    Explanation:

    Compulsions of coalition politics have been giving a communal colour to Indian electoral politics. This strengthens communalism during elections and in post-election days, communalism starts posing hindrances in the way of every new government.

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  • Q5

    Which of the following provides a rich breeding ground to the forces of communalism?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Poverty and socio-economic backwardness

    Explanation:

    Poverty and socio-economic backwardness provide a rich breeding ground to the forces of communalism; all efforts must be made for the economic regeneration of the people.

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