Political Violence and Casteism

  • Indian democracy strongly believes in the rights of the individuals and their development. It is for this reason that the constitution grants rights and guarantees the protection of these rights.
  • Political violence is a common means used by people and governments around the world to achieve political goals. Political violence occurs due to number of reasons like, language, religion, caste, fundamentalists and their separatist ideologies, identity crisis, etc.
  • Terrorist groups have been using violent means to weaken the social, economic and political fabric of India. Education is the main instrument that can be used against political violence.
  • A proper and strict code of conduct should be followed by all political parties. Caste interests influence the process of political socialisation, political participation and political perception.
  • Caste in India, not only manages to influence the processes of politics but also the process of decision making. Political parties use caste divisions for nurturing their support bases in the society.
  • Democracy and caste stand as opposites. Whereas democracy believes in equality and equal freedom for all, caste based inequalities hinder the exercise of rights of a particular section of the society. Caste system is based on vague reasons and evil traditions.
  • Faith in social, economic and political equality and justice must replace the blind love for cast and Casteism. Our educational system must inculcate the value of equality and fraternal bonds among all young men and women for securing complete integration of all as equal partners in nation-building.

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  • Q1

    Which two prime ministers of India faced death due to political violence?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Rajiv Gandhi and Indira Gandhi

    Explanation:

    Indian politics has witnessed the death of several politicians, political leaders and opponents. Two Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi had to face death due to political violence.

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  • Q2

    Which of these factors acts as the source of political violence?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All of the above

    Explanation:

    Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, ignorance, under-development and communalism, all act as sources of violence in politics. The government must seriously introduce and implement developmental programmes and policies.

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  • Q3

    Which among the following is the major obstacle in the working of Panchayati Raj institution?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Caste based factionalism

    Explanation:

    Caste has a very important place in Local self-government. Caste based factionalism in India has been the major obstacle in the working of Panchayati Raj institutions.

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  • Q4

    Which among the following uses caste divisions for nurturing their support bases in society?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Political parties

    Explanation:

    Political parties use caste divisions for nurturing their support bases in the society. Almost all political parties base their policies on caste lines. It can be said that political parties are involved in caste division of society and the caste composition of various constituencies.

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  • Q5

    What kind of violence Insurgency, terrorism and armed rebellion are?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Political violence

    Explanation:

    Political violence can take several forms e.g. insurgency, terrorism, terrorist violence, cross-border terrorism, armed militancy, armed rebellion, violent conflict-resolution, rioting, civil war, targeted violence and guerrilla war etc.

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