Social and Economic Inequality

  • India is a hub of diversity. ‘Unity in diversity’ is considered to be soul of the nation. Greatest success of our democracy is that we have developed a sense of national integration. India is the only nation in third world where democracy is continuously flourishing since its inception.
  • Today we are among largest economy of the world. Green revolution has provided us not only food security but we feed to many other nations of the world. Modernization of infrastructure is another significant economic development.
  • Traditionally, Indian society has been caste ridden, patriarchal society. Current challenges are deeply rooted in historical practices.Lower castes were subject to many social restrictions.
  • Constitution provides for abolition of untouchability and caste based restrictions. Women have been subjugated and depressed part of traditional Indian society.Equal political and civil rights to men and women were given by constitution.
  • Various kind of social restrictions still prevail for women. In elected bodies too their presence is inadequate. Indian society continues to be man dominated patriarchal society. Sex ratio in India remains quite low. To achieve equitable justice and development a mixed economy model was adopted.
  • In 1991, New Economic Policy based on the principles of liberalisation, privatization, competitiveness, free trade, market economy and rapid economic reforms was adopted.
  • The benefits of economic development and technological advancement must reach every section of our society. The objectives of inclusive growth and sustainable developments must be vigorously pursued and special attempts be taken for reaching out ot the people living on edge.

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  • Q1

    Which among the following is the serious challenge faced by Indian democracy?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All of the above

    Explanation:

    Despite significant success in varied fields Indian democracy faces many serious challenges like- Social and Economic inequality, Regional Imbalances, Communalism and Casteism etc.

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  • Q2

    Which among the following provides for abolition of untouchability in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Constitution of India

    Explanation:

    Constitution provides for abolition of untouchability and caste based restrictions. But caste based atrocities are still in occurrence in many parts of the nation.

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  • Q3

    In which session of Congress it was stated that its objective is to achieve socialistic pattern of society in India?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Avadi session

    Explanation:

    In 1955, in its Avadi session, the Congress stated that its objective is to achieve socialistic pattern of society in India. This is known as ‘Avadi Declaration’.

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  • Q4

    Which of the following will help in the elimination of social inequalities?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All of the following

    Explanation:

    For the elimination of social inequalities, caste based discrimination and violence should be checked through stronger laws, policies and actions. Securing the empowerment of women by all means: spread of education, increased opportunities for employment and self-employment of women.

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  • Q5

    For the elimination of economic inequality the benefits of economic development and technological advancement must reach…

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Every section of Society

    Explanation:

    The benefits of economic development and technological advancement must reach every section of our society. The objective of inclusive growth and sustainable developments must be vigorously pursued and special attempts must be taken for reaching out to the people living on the edge.

    View Answer