Directive Principles of State Policy

  • The Constitution of India in its Part IV states the Directive Principles of State Policy. This part, lists a set of principles which are to guide the future policies of the state.
  • The aim of Part IV is to provide for a welfare polity characterised by social, economic and political justice. The directives aim at the establishment of economic and social democracy which is pledged for in the Preamble.
  • The Directive Principles are not enforceable. People cannot move to the court to get these enforced.Part IV is a manifesto of the aims and objectives of the Constitution.  
  • The socialist principles declare that state shall try to secure the welfare of the people by securing a social order characterised by justice social, economic and political.
  • The state shall provide adequate means of livelihood to all citizens, men and women.Gandhian principles of DPSP instruct the state to organise village Panchayats and endow them with adequate powers and authority.  Further they instruct to promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperative basic in rural areas.
  • Liberal principles instruct the state to secure a uniform civil code for Indians and to provide for free and compulsory education to all children upto the age of fourteen years.
  • As instructed in DPSP, a three tier Panchayati Raj system has been set up in the rural areas by the State. The state has taken several steps to enlarge agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • The objectives of rapid industrialisation, technological advancement and economic development have been achieved through five year plans.The critics hold that as these directives are unenforceable, they are not of much value.

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  • Q1

    The framers of the Indian Constitution borrowed the idea of Directive Principles of State Policy from the ______

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Constitution of Irish Republic

    Explanation:
    The framers of the Indian Constitution borrowed the idea of Directive Principles of State Policy from the Constitution of Irish Republic.
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  • Q2

    The Directive Principles were incorporated in the constitution with a view to

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    establish a welfare state.

    Explanation:

    The Directive Principle of State Policy aim to create social and economic conditions under which the citizens can lead a good life. They also aim to establish social and economic democracy through a welfare state.

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  • Q3

    The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy has been taken from the

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Irish Constitution.

    Explanation:
    These principles were incorporated in our Constitution in order to provide economic justice and to avoid concentration of wealth in the hands of a few people.
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  • Q4

    Directive Principles of State Policy are based on

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    moral principles.

    Explanation:
    These principles are fundamental in the governance of the State. They are the instruments of instructions for the guidance of the rulers, both at the Centre and the State levels for the establishment of a just and egalitarian society in India.
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  • Q5

    Directive Principles of State Policy is like a “cheque on a bank payable at the convenience of the bank” is said by

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Prof. K.T.Shah.

    Explanation:
    According to the critics of DPSP, these principles are nothing more than a manifesto of high aims and aspirations.
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