Directive Principles of State Policy

  • The Constitution of India in its Part IV states the Directive Principles of State Policy. This part, lists a set of principles which are to guide the future policies of the state.
  • The aim of Part IV is to provide for a welfare polity characterised by social, economic and political justice. The directives aim at the establishment of economic and social democracy which is pledged for in the Preamble.
  • The Directive Principles are not enforceable. People cannot move to the court to get these enforced.Part IV is a manifesto of the aims and objectives of the Constitution.  
  • The socialist principles declare that state shall try to secure the welfare of the people by securing a social order characterised by justice social, economic and political.
  • The state shall provide adequate means of livelihood to all citizens, men and women.Gandhian principles of DPSP instruct the state to organise village Panchayats and endow them with adequate powers and authority.  Further they instruct to promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperative basic in rural areas.
  • Liberal principles instruct the state to secure a uniform civil code for Indians and to provide for free and compulsory education to all children upto the age of fourteen years.
  • As instructed in DPSP, a three tier Panchayati Raj system has been set up in the rural areas by the State. The state has taken several steps to enlarge agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • The objectives of rapid industrialisation, technological advancement and economic development have been achieved through five year plans.The critics hold that as these directives are unenforceable, they are not of much value.

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