Parliamentary Form of Government
- The origin of the modern concept of Parliamentary government goes back to the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800). The power resided in the monarch, who chaired the cabinet and chose the ministers.
- In the Parliamentary form of government there exist a close relationship between the legislature and the executive and the executive stands responsible to the legislature.
- In a Presidential form of government there exists separation of powers between the legislature and the executive.
- In parliamentary form, the head of the state is the nominal head, who vests all the powers. These powers are exercised by the Prime Minister and her/his Council of Ministers in the name of the President.
- The Cabinet is the most powerful part of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers is secure as long as they enjoy the confidence of the majority in the legislature.
- Prime Minister is the Head of the Government. The Prime Minister selects his/ her team of leaders and allocates them their portfolios. In India, Cabinet is an extra constitutional body that is a part of the council of ministers.
- British parliamentary system is also known as the Westminster model due to presence of British Parliament at Westminster.
- Critics point out that in the absence of democratic ethos, the parliamentary system is likely to become dictatorial. The whole system can get dominated by excessive and unhealthy partisan politics between the majority and the minority parties with each trying to interrupt and hinder the administration of the other.Most of the time of the executive is wasted in legislative debates.