Political Parties

  • Political parties are extra-constitutional structures. A political party is a distinct group of people, actively and peacefully participating in the political process for the promotion of national interests.
  • Political parties play a major role in the rise of democracies, formation of constitutional designs and the working of the government. Presence of at least two political parties in the struggle for power provides opportunity for healthy competition.
  • There is a party constitution which defines the aims, objectives, policies and organizational structure of the party. Political parties are instruments for clarifying public opinion and thereby for making it possible for the government of the state to base its policies on the public opinion.
  • Conservative parties by nature intend to protect and preserve customs and conventions but accept the change when it comes.
  • Liberal political parties are by nature pro to changes and reforms. They organise themselves as liberals or progressive or even radicalists.
  • The left, right and centre are often associated with socialism, conservatism and liberalism respectively.
  • Political parties are the main agencies of interest aggregation. Political parties provide alternative teams for organising and running the government. The parties which fail to secure majority in elections always play an active role as the opposition to the government.

The six types of functions which the political parties  perform in a democratic offices are:-
1)    Recruitment and selection of leadership personnel for government offices.
2)    Generation of programmes and policies for government.
3)    Coordination and control of government organs.
4)    Societal integration through satisfaction and reconciliation of group demands or the provisions of a common belief system or ideology.
5)    Social integration of individuals or mobilisation of support by political socialisation.
6)    Counter-organisation or subversion.

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