Rural Local Government

  • Panchayati Raj is a uniform three tier structure for local government in rural areas of India. It is the government elected by the people living in a local area. The elected representatives look into the problems and the basic needs of the local people.
  • The launching of Community Development Programme on 2 October 1952 set the stage for the organisation of Panchayati Raj. On 2nd October 1953 the national extension service was launched.
  • At the base is the ‘Gram Panchayat’. The intermediary level is the Mandal or Panchayat Samiti and at the apex is the ZillaParishad.
  • Seventy third amendment aims to deepen democracy by reservation for women and weaker sections, foster need based development by participation of representatives in planning and decision making for development, check bureaucratic arbitrariness and corruption by rural elites  and  state government politicians.
  • Tribal communitiesof north east regions have got right over forest produce and self governance as per their traditional practices.
  • Corruption, token representation, factionalism, bureaucratic  encroachment, poor  planning and managerial capacity, little devolution of functions, finances, lack of infrastructure and  inadequate and ignorant manpower are challenges facing Panchayati raj institutions in India.
  • Amending state laws to prohibit the dissolution of Panchayat bodies, conferring functions, staff and untied funds on these institutions, strengthening Gram Sabha and District planning Committee fostering a culture of dialogue amongst factions will solve key problems facing the panchayat bodies.

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  • Q1

    The wards committees are found in

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    Answer:

    Municipalities.

    Explanation:
    According to the article 243S of the Indian Constitution, (1) there shall be constituted Wards Committees, consisting of one or more Wards, within the territorial area of a Municipality having a population of three lakhs or more. (2) The Legislature of a State may, by law, make provision with respect to - (a) the composition and the territorial area of a Wards Committee.(b) the manner in which the seats in a Wards Committee shall be filled.
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  • Q2

    The 74th amendment is related to the:

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    Answer:

    urban areas.

    Explanation:

    In many ways, the 74th amendment is a repetition of the 73rd amendment, except that it applies to the urban areas. All the provisions of the 73rd amendment relating to direct elections, reservations, transfer of subjects, State Election Commission and State Finance Commission are incorporated in the 74th amendment also and thus apply to Nagarpalikas.

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  • Q3

    In India, today the Gram Panchayats and Nagar Panchayats are about

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    Answer:

    2,50,000 and 2000.

    Explanation:
    Today there are nearly 500 Zila Panchayats, about 6,000 block or intermediary Panchayats and 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats in rural India and over 100 city Corporations, 1400 town Municipalities and over 2000 Nagar Panchayats in urban India.
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  • Q4

    Which is at the lowest level of Panchayati Raj institutions?

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    Answer:

    Gram Sabha.

    Explanation:
    Gram Sabha and Panchayat come at the lowest level of Panchayat Raj institutions.

     

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  • Q5

    The top-most urban local government

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    Answer:

    Municipal Corporation.

    Explanation:
    In India, a Municipal Corporation is a local government body that administers a city of population 200,000 or more. Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in.
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