The civil service constitutes the permanent and the professional dimension of the executive. Civil servants run the administration of the state in accordance with the policies of the political executives.
Nature of the civil service includespermanent character, hierarchical organisation, politically neutral character, professional and trained, fixed salary and allowance, bound by a code of conduct.
Anyone found violating the set rules gets punished for misbehaviour, incompetence or negligence. One’s official work, salaries, promotions, functions and privileges are specifically laid down by the conduct rules that govern them.
The civil service is organised in a hierarchical order. The civil servants have to follow a code of conduct. The Civil servants are recruited on the basis of merit. Civil service is a source of stability and continuity in administration, ensuring suitable policies.
The responsibility of the bureaucrats is also to run the day to day administration. The important function of the civil servant is to advice the political executive through his professional experiences. One of the main responsibilities of the civil servants is to keep the official records of the government.
Civil servants are often conservative in their approach and guided by traditional ways of administration. To prevent them from arbitrary behaviour, there should be decentralisation of authority. Political executives must have effective control over the civil service.